Calan Gaeaf 2013
November 1, 2013 in Wales

Calan Gaeaf is observed on November 01, 2013. Calan Gaeaf is the name of the first day of winter in Wales, observed on 1 November. The night before is Nos Galan Gaeaf, an Ysbrydnos when spirits are abroad. People avoid churchyards, stiles, and crossroads, since spirits are thought to gather there.

Where is Calan Gaeaf?
Nationwide Wales

World Vegan Day
November 1, 2013 in the World

The World Vegan Day is celebrated on November 01, 2013. The day was established in 1994 by Louise Wallis, then President & Chair of the Vegan Society UK. The day is observed annually. The year 2011 marks the 67th anniversary of the term “vegan” and thus the verbally clarified concept of “veganism” as well as the establishment of the Vegan Society.

Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, as well as an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of sentient animals. A follower of veganism is known as a vegan. The term “vegan“ was coined in England in 1944 by Donald Watson. In 1951 the British Vegan Society extended the definition of veganism to mean “the doctrine that man should live without exploiting animals”.

An animal product is any material derived from animals, including meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, dairy products, honey, fur, wool, and silk. Other commonly used, but perhaps less well known, animal products are beeswax, bone char, bone china, carmine, casein, cochineal, gelatin, isinglass, lanolin, lard, rennet, shellac, tallow, whey, and yellow grease. Ethical vegans will not use animal products for clothing, toiletries, or any other reason.

Where is World Vegan Day?
Worldwide

Pão-por-Deus 2013
November 1, 2013 in Portugal

Pão-por-Deus takes place on November 01, 2013. The Pão-por-Deus (“Bread in the name of God”) celebration is a Portuguese tradition celebrated all over Portugal by children up to the age of 10 or older. It is the soulmass-cakes given to the poor on All Saints Day. From early in the morning (8 or 9 am) children meet together and walk around the neighborhood, knock at all doors and local stores and say “Pão-por-Deus” to the adults they meet. People at home give them small gifts such as broas (small bread-like cakes flavored heavily with anise and nuts), chocolates, candy, nuts, fruit, or in some cases, money. At the local stores the offers are different. A store may give the children treats or a sample of a product they sell: bakers give a little bread, fruit stalls give some chestnuts, and so on. In the Azores the children are given a cake called “caspiada” during this ritual begging.The cakes have the shape of the top of a skull. The pão-por-deus or Santoro is the bread, or offering, that is given to the dead, the Molete or Samagaio is the bread, or offering, that is given when a child is born. There are records of the day of Pão-por-Deus in the 15th century. On 1 November 1755 in Lisbon, after the vast majority of the city’s residents lost everything to the Great Lisbon Earthquake the survivors had to ask for this bread in the neighbouring towns.

Where is Pão-por-Deus?
Nationwide Portugal

Karnataka Rajyotsava
November 1, 2013 in India

Karnataka Rajyotsava is celebrated on November 01, 2013. Kannada Rajyotsava, also called Karnataka Formation Day, is celebrated every year by Kannadigas in India and overseas. This was the day in 1956 when all the Kannada language-speaking regions of South India were merged to form the state of Karnataka. The Rajyotsava day is listed as a government holiday in the state of Karnataka and is celebrated by Kannadigas across the world. It is marked by the announcement and presentation of the honours list for Rajyotsava Awards by the Government of Karnataka, hoisting of the unofficial Karnataka flag with an address from the Chief Minister and Governor of the state along with community festivals, orchestra, Kannada book releases and concerts.

Where is Karnataka Rajyotsava?
Nationwide India

Historical Events:

1512 – Michelangelo’s paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Vatican, Italy 1st exhibited

1570 – All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.

1765 – Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies

1800 – John Adams becomes the first US president to live in White House

1848 – 1st US woman’s medical school opens (Boston)

1866 – 1st Civil Rights Bill passes

1894 – Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris

1896 – 1st bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine

1920 – American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.

1922 – Ottoman Empire abolished

1931 – Dupont introduces synthetic rubber

1939 – 1st jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry

1947 – Howard Hughes flies “Spruce Goose,” a large wooden airplane

1952 – 1st hydrogen device exploded at Eniwetok Atoll in Pacific Fusion occurs for 1st time on Earth

1972 – 1st gay theme TV movie – “That Certain Summer”