Sunday, the 13th of July, 2014 is the 194th day in 2014 and in the 28th calendar week.

General Events:

Fool’s Paradise Day
July 13, 2014 in the World

Phrase Finder defines a fool’s paradise as “a state of happiness based on false hope,” but everyone can use a little false hope every now and then! The phrase dates back centuries, when the first recorded example is found in the Paston Letters of 1462.

This special day seems a bit like an oxymoron. How can a fool reach, or experience, Paradise? And, how could a place BE Paradise, if fools inhabit the place? We don’t know the answers to these important questions, we can only speculate,

maybe the most fun part can be thinking up what improbable set of circumstances you want to celebrate. Here are some imaginative suggestions to get your creative juices flowing:

* The discovery that Elvis is still alive!
* The invention of delicious ice cream that makes you lose weight.
* The discovery of a way to absorb knowledge while sleeping to make conscious studying no longer necessary.

Where is Fool’s Paradise Day?
Worldwide

Statehood Day in Montenegro
July 13, 2014 in Montenegro

Statehood Day in Montenegro is celebrated on July 13, 2014. Statehood Day is a holiday that occurs every year in Montenegro to commemorate the day in 1878 on which the Berlin Congress recognized Montenegro as the twenty-seventh independent state in the world, and that in 1941 the Montenegrins staged an uprising against the Nazi occupiers and sided with the partisan communist movement. Statehood Day is not to be confused with Montenegro’s Independence Day, which is held each year on May 21 in honor of the 2006 plebiscite that indicated that 55,5% of Montenegrins were in favor of becoming a sovereign nation.

Where is Statehood Day in Montenegro?
Nationwide Montenegro

Embrace Your Geekness Day
July 13, 2014 in the World

Embrace Your Geekness Day is observed on July 13, 2014. The word geek is a slang term originally used to describe odd or non-mainstream people, with different connotations ranging from “an expert or enthusiast” to “a person heavily interested in a hobby”, with a general pejorative meaning of “a peculiar or otherwise dislikable person, esp[ecially] one who is perceived to be overly intellectual”.

The definition of geek has changed considerably over time, and there is no longer a definitive meaning. The term nerd has a similar, practically synonymous meaning as geek, but many choose to identify different connotations among these two terms, although the differences are disputed.

There are many subclassifications of geeks such as the following: Science geeks, Math geeks, Computer geeks, History geeks, Engineering geeks, Language geeks, Art geeks, Music geeks, Sci-Fi geeks, Fantasy geeks, Comic Book geeks, Video Game geeks, Board Game geeks, Role-Playing Game geeks, Pop Culture geeks and even Sports geeks.

Where is Embrace Your Geekness Day?
Worldwide

Barbershop Music Appreciation Day
July 13, 2014 in the World

Who can resist the awesome harmonies sung in an old-fashioned barbershop quartet? According to Capital City Chorus, “Barbershop harmony can trace its beginnings all the way back to the birth of traditional Western music in the sacred music of European monasteries.” Years ago, the barbershop was more than just a place for a man to get his hair cut. The local barber also wore the hats of physician and dentist, and the barbershop served as a gathering place for townspeople to catch up on news and entertain others with both instrumental and choral music.

Edna Mae Anderson of Tulsa, Oklahoma invited some women to her home to sing on July 13, 1945. Their husbands were members of the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America (SPEBSQSA). The ladies wanted to participate in the singing fun and enjoyment. On that evening, the “Sweet Adelines” were born. The group later became Sweet Adelines International., which now boasts hundreds of groups and thousands for members.

Where is Barbershop Music Appreciation Day?
Worldwide

International Puzzle Day
July 13, 2014 in the World

Today marks the 68th birthday of Erno Rubik, inventor of the Rubik’s Cube. This uber-popular handheld game sold more than 100 million units in the first two years after its invention in 1980, and over 500 million to date. “International Puzzle Day” is celebrated today to recognize this awesome achievement by one of Hungary’s most popular citizens, and you can celebrate by mastering your very own Rubik’s Cube.

Where is International Puzzle Day?
Worldwide

National French Fries Day
July 13, 2014 in the USA

Today is National French Fries Day! French fries are the ultimate feel-good food, and there are dozens of different ways to enjoy them. Whether you prefer your fries Cajun-style and spicy, sweet, crinkle-cut, curly, waffle, or covered in chili and cheese, today is the day to celebrate this American classic.

Although the exact origin of French fries is unknown, one theory suggests that they date back to 17th century Belgium. The inhabitants of this region often cooked small fried fish to accompany their meals. When weather conditions made it too dangerous to go fishing, they cut up potatoes in long, thin strips (to resemble the fish) and fried them!

Today, French fries are a global phenomenon. Whether it’s “pommes frites” in France, “patatas fritas” in Spain, or “chips” in the UK, French fries are a worldwide favorite. Grab an order of fries today to celebrate National French Fries Day!

Where is National French Fries Day?
Nationwide USA

Historical Events:

1174 – William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.

1837 – Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

1854 – US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua

1868 – Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana

1917 – Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal

1930 – 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay

1943 – Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany

1955 – The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London.

1976 – Court martial begins in USSR for Valeri Sablin (Hunt for Red Oct)

1985 – “Live Aid” concert raises over $70 million for African famine relief