Tuesday, the 22nd of July, 2014 is the 203th day in 2014 and in the 30th calendar week.
General Events:
Pi Approximation Day
July 22, 2014 in the World
Pi Approximation Day is celebrated on July 22, 2014. Pi Approximation Day is observed on July 22, since the fraction 22?7 is a common approximation of Pi. The number Pi is a mathematical constant that is the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter and is approximately equal to 3.14159. It has been represented by a Greek letter since the mid-18th century. Being an irrational number, Pi cannot be expressed exactly as a ratio of any two integers. Consequently, its decimal representation never ends and never settles into a permanent repeating pattern.
A fraction represents a part of a whole or, more generally, any number of equal parts. When spoken in everyday English, a fraction describes how many parts of a certain size there are, for example, one-half, eight-fifths, three-quarters. A common, vulgar, or simple fraction consists of an integer numerator, displayed above a line (or before a slash), and a non-zero integer denominator, displayed below (or after) that line.
An approximation is anything that is similar but not exactly equal to something else. The term can be applied to various properites (e.g. value, quantity, image, description) that are nearly but not exactly correct; similar, but not exactly the same. Although approximation is most often applied to numbers, it is also frequently applied to such things as mathematical functions, shapes, and physical laws.
Where is Pi Approximation Day?
National Rat Catchers Day
July 22, 2014 in the USA
We’ve all heard the fable of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. It’s the story of a village that was overrun by rats. The village council hired a magical piper to lure the rodents out of the city, but when his work was finished, they refused to pay him. To get his revenge, the piper used the same magic to lure all the children away from their families and out of the city as well.
Although most accounts agree on the series of events that took place and why, there is some discrepancy over the date it actually happened. In the story by the Brothers Grimm, the date is cited as June 26, 1284. In Robert Browning’s poem it is July 22.
In the U.S. we celebrate “National Rat Catcher’s Day” on July 22. However you decide to celebrate this infamous day, be sure to keep your children close!
Where is National Rat Catchers Day?
Nationwide USA
Hammock Day 2014
July 22, 2014 in the World
Hammock Day takes place on July 22, 2014. A hammock is a sling made of fabric, rope, or netting, suspended between two points, used for swinging, sleeping, or resting. It normally consists of one or more cloth panels, or a woven network of twine or thin rope stretched with ropes between two firm anchor points such as trees or posts. The hammock is often seen as symbol of summer, leisure, relaxation and simple, easy living.
Hammock Day gives you the excuse you’ve been waiting for. Coupled with the heat, you won’t mind taking some time to relax in your backyard hammock. The holiday occurs during the “dog days of summer.”
The dog star, aka Sirius, “is the brightest star in the night sky and it does rise and set with the Sun at some times during the year — in Egypt. Sirius was up in the sky at the same time as the Sun and ancient Egyptians argued that it was responsible for the summer heat by adding its heat to the heat from the Sun. They called the period of time from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction ‘the dog days of summer’ because it coincidentally fell at the time of year when it was very hot” according to Curious About Astronomy.
Hammocks were developed by native inhabitants of Central and South America for sleeping. Later, they were used aboard ships by sailors to enable comfort and maximize available space, and by explorers or soldiers traveling in wooded regions and eventually by parents in the 1920s for containing babies just learning to crawl. Today they are popular around the world for relaxation; they are also used as a lightweight bed on camping trips.
Where is Hammock Day?
Historical Events:
1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1456 – Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats sultan Murad II
1648 – 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre
1729 – Diamonds found in Minas Geras Brazil
1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
1918 – Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah’s Wasatch National Park
1934 – Outside Chicago’s Biograph Theatre, “Public Enemy No. 1” John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
1952 – Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
1960 – Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
1988 – 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research
2002 – Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas’s military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.