Monday, the 1st of September, 2014 is the 244th day in 2014 and in the 36th calendar week.
General Events:
Labour Day
September 1, 2014 in USA/Canada
Labour Day (Labor Day in the United States) is an annual holiday to celebrate the achievements of workers. Labour Day has its origins in the labour union movement, specifically the eight-hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. For many countries, Labour Day is synonymous with, or linked with, International Workers’ Day, which occurs on 1 May. For other countries, Labour Day is celebrated on a different date, often one with special significance for the labour movement in that country. In Canada and the United States, it is celebrated on the first Monday of September and considered the official end of the summer holiday for most of the respective countries, as public school and university students return to school that week or the following week.
The origins of Labour Day in Canada can be traced back to April 15, 1872, when the Toronto Trades Assembly organized Canada’s first significant demonstration for worker’s rights. The aim of the demonstration was to release the 24 leaders of the Toronto Typographical Union who were imprisoned for striking to campaign for a nine-hour working day. At this time, trade unions were still illegal and striking was seen as a criminal conspiracy to disrupt trade. In spite of this, the Toronto Trades Assembly was already a significant organization and encouraged workers to form trade unions, mediated in disputes between employers and employees and signaled the mistreatment of workers.
There was enormous public support for the parade and the authorities could no longer deny the important role that the trade unions had to play in the emerging Canadian society. A few months later, a similar parade was organized in Ottawa and passed the house of Canada’s first prime minister, Sir John Macdonald. Later in the day, he appeared before the gathering and promised to repeal all Canadian laws against trade unions. This happened in the same year and eventually led to the founding of the Canadian Labour Congress in 1883.
“Labor: One of the processes by which A acquires property for B”. — Ambrose Bierce
Where is Labour Day?
Nationwide Canada/USA
Calendar Adjustment Day
September 1, 2014 in the World
Following the British Calendar Act of 1751, Britain adopted the Gregorian Calendar in 1752. However, the current Julian calendar system required them to drop eleven days in order to sync themselves with the proposed Gregorian Calendar. So, on the evening of 2nd September 1752, the population of Britain and its American colonies went to sleep and awoke the next morning to 14th September 1752.
The changeover is also responsible for New Year’s Day being celebrated on 1st January, as before then it had been celebrated on 26th March.
As a result of Calendar Adjustment Day, there was rioting on the streets by those who felt cheated, and demanded the eleven days back!
Where is Calendar Adjustment Day?
Emma M. Nutt Day
September 1, 2014 in the USA
Emma M. Nutt Day celebrates the first woman telephone operator in America.
Emma Nutt became the first woman telephone operator on September 1, 1878. She loved the job, and worked at it for 33 years.
This special day celebrates the world of telephone operators. It was a very important job for many decades. Today, the position has been eliminated being replaced by automation in telephone systems.  
A little side note about Emma: According to Emma, she was “very thankful that my first name was not Imma”.
Where is Emma M. Nutt Day?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 1st September:
462 – Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
1267 – Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
1535 – French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)
1689 – Russia began taxing men’s beards
1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
1804 – Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
1859 – 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
1859 – A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
1866 – Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
1875 – A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the “Molly Maguires”, to disband.
1878 – 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
1905 – Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces
1913 – Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing “2nd Chinese revolution”
1914 – The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
1923 – 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo & Yokohama, kills 142,000
1939 – Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill
1939 – Switzerland proclaims neutrality
1939 – WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig
1945 – Japan surrenders ending WW II (US date, 9/2 in Japan)
1948 – Communist form North China People’s Republic
1948 – UN’s World Health Organization forms
1961 – 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
1962 – UN announces Earth’s population has hit 3 billion
1969 – Libyan revolution, Col Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris
1971 – Qatar declares independence from Britain
1979 – LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask
1979 – Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings
1983 – Korean Boeing 747, flight 007, strays into Siberia & is shot down by a Soviet jet
2004 – The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.