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Calendar day; November 28, 2014

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Friday, the 28th of November, 2014 is the 332th day in 2014 and in the 48th calendar week.

General Events:

Red Planet Day
November 28, 2014 in the World

Red Planet Day takes place on November 28, 2014. It commemorates the launch of the Mariner 4 spacecraft on November 28, 1964. Mariner 4 performed the first successful flyby of the planet Mars returning the first pictures of the Martian surface. It was designed to conduct closeup scientific observations of Mars and to transmit these observations to Earth.

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second smallest planet in the Solar System. Named after the Roman god of war, it is often described as the “Red Planet” because the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of the Moon and the volcanoes, valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps of Earth.

The rotational period and seasonal cycles of Mars are likewise similar to those of Earth, as is the tilt that produces the seasons. Mars is the site of Olympus Mons, the second highest known mountain within the Solar System (the tallest on a planet), and of Valles Marineris, one of the largest canyons. Mars has two known moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are small and irregularly shaped.

Where is Red Planet Day?
Worldwide

Native American Heritage Day
November 28, 2014 in the USA

Native American Heritage Day is a civil holiday observed on the day after Thanksgiving in the United States.

President George W. Bush signed into law legislation introduced by Congressman Joe Baca (D-Rialto), to designate the Friday after Thanksgiving as Native American Heritage Day. The Native American Heritage Day Bill[1] was supported by the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) and 184 federally recognized tribes, and designates Friday, November 28, 2008, as a day to pay tribute to Native Americans for their many contributions to the United States.

The Native American Heritage Day Bill encourages Americans of all backgrounds to observe Friday, November 28, 2008, as Native American Heritage Day, through appropriate ceremonies and activities. It also encourages public elementary and secondary schools to enhance student understanding of Native Americans by providing classroom instructions focusing on their history, achievements, and contributions.

Some individual states have also taken legislative action to recognize this day. For example, Maryland established this day in 2008 under the name American Indian Heritage Day.

Where is Native American Heritage Day?
Nationwide USA

Black Friday 2014
November 28, 2014 in the USA

Black Friday is the Friday following Thanksgiving Day in the United States, traditionally the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. The term dates back to at least 1966, although its usage was primarily on the East coast. The term has become more common in other parts of the country since 2000. Because Thanksgiving falls on the fourth Thursday in November in the United States, Black Friday occurs between the 23rd and the 29th of November. According to Reuters, in 2007 135 million people participated in the Black Friday shopping rush.

Black Friday is not an official holiday, but as many workers have the day off as part of the Thanksgiving holiday, this increases the number of potential shoppers. Retailers often decorate for the Christmas and holiday season weeks beforehand. Many retailers open extremely early, with most of the retailers typically opening at 5AM or even earlier. Some of the larger retailers (depending on the location) such as Sears, Best Buy, Macy’s, Toys “R” Us, and Walmart have been reported to open as early as midnight on the start of Black Friday in localized areas and remain open for 24 hours throughout the day until midnight the following Saturday. Upon opening, retailers offer doorbuster deals and loss leaders to draw people to their stores. Although Black Friday, as the first shopping day after Thanksgiving, has served as the unofficial beginning of the Christmas season at least since the start of the modern Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in 1924, the term “Black Friday” has been traced back only to the 1960s.

The term “Black Friday” may have originated in Philadelphia, where was used to describe the heavy and disruptive pedestrian and vehicle traffic which would occur on the day after Thanksgiving. (see Origin of the name “Black Friday” below). More recently, merchants and the media have used it instead to refer to the beginning of the period in which retailers go from being in the red (i.e., posting a loss on the books) to being in the black (i.e., turning a profit).

Where is Black Friday?
Nationwide USA

Buy Nothing Day
November 28, 2014 in the USA/Worldwide

The Buy Nothing Day (BND) is an international day of protest against consumerism observed by social activists. Typically celebrated the Friday after American Thanksgiving in North America and the following day internationally, in 2014 the date is November 28. It was founded by Vancouver artist Ted Dave and subsequently promoted by Adbusters magazine, based in Canada.

Various gatherings, shenanigans, and forms of protest have been used on Buy Nothing Day to draw attention to the perceived problem of over-consumption. The first Buy Nothing Day was organized in Vancouver in September 1992 “as a day for society to examine the issue of over-consumption.” In 1997, it was moved to the Friday after American Thanksgiving, also called “Black Friday”, which is one of the 10 busiest shopping days in the United States.

Where is Buy Nothing Day?
USA/Worldwide

Make Your Own Head Day
November 28, 2014 in the World

Today is Make Your Own Head Day, a day to get crafty and make a replica of your very own head! It doesn’t matter what medium you use — clay, pen and paper, or even aluminum foil — as long as you use your artistic skills to create your own little “mini-me”. Make Your Own Head Day is particularly popular in elementary school art classes, but there’s no reason grown-ups can’t celebrate this fun holiday too. We spend so much time staring back at our faces in the mirror, who better is there to record our likenesses than ourselves!

Where is Make Your Own Head Day?
Worldwide

Feast of the Holy Sovereigns
November 28, 2014 in Hawaii

Feast of the Holy Sovereigns is observed on November 28, 2014. The Feast of the Holy Sovereigns is celebrated annually in the Episcopal Church in Hawaii. The feast celebrates the founders of the Anglican Church of Hawaii, King Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma of Hawaii. The Anglican Church of Hawaii was originally called the Hawaii Reformed Catholic Church. The rest of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America observes this as the feast day of Kamehameha and Emma, King and Queen of Hawaii, but does not use the name “Feast of the Holy Sovereigns”.

Where is Feast of the Holy Sovereigns?
Nationwide Hawaii

National Maize Day
November 28, 2014 in the USA

This Holiday is set aside for people to appreciate Maize and learn just what part it played in our food history. Did you know that many crops first domesticated by indigenous Americans (Native American Indians) are now produced and/or used globally. Largest among these is maize or “corn”, arguably the most important crop in the world! So on National Maize Day remember how sweet and delicious corn is and have some fun learning about it’s history. Have even more fun by learning the many ways to eat corn. Everything from cornbread to corn casserole can be cooked up into some mouth watering corn dishes. Share in the good taste with all your friends, family and neighbors too.

Where is National Maize Day?
Nationwide USA

Historical Events on 28th November:

1340 – Battle of Salado, Spain: last Moorish invasion driven back

1443 – Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.

1520 – Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing Pacific Ocean

1720 – Anne Bonny and Mary Read are tried, found guilty of pirating, and sentenced to death in Spanish Town, Jamaica, although their discovered pregnancies won them stays of execution

1814 – The Times of London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.

1821 – Panama declares independence from Spain

1843 – Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day – The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

1893 – Women vote in a national election for the first time: the New Zealand general election.

1912 – Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey

1918 – Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania.

1925 – Grand Ole Opry premieres as WSM Barn Dance on WSM radio Nashville Tn

1939 – Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty

1944 – 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
1944 – In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis

1960 – Mauritania gains independence from France (Natl Day)

1966 – Dominican Republic adopts constitution

1967 – 1st pulsating radio source (pulsar) detected by postgraduate Jocelyn Burnell and her supervisor Antony Hewish

1973 – Arab League summit in Algiers recognizes Palestine

1984 – Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens of the United States.

1997 – First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.

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