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Calendar day; May 20, 2015

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Wednesday, the 20th of May, 2015 is the 140th day in 2015 and in the 21st calendar week.
General Events:
Weights and Measures Day
May 20, 2015 in the World
20 May is Weights and Measures Day, the anniversary of an international treaty, signed on 20 May 1875, providing for the establishment of an International Bureau of Weights and Measures.
We celebrate this day by taking children’s measurements, weighing the cats and checking that the king size bed matches the country’s guidelines. We also hold a moment of silence for those measurements that have become obsolete, such as the chalder or chaldron, the clove, the scruple, and also the Indian candy, the Chinese catty and tan, the Japanese chin, the jupiter, the kip, and the slug, all valid measurements, as hilarious as they may sound to us.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
World Metrology Day
May 20, 2015 in the World
World Metrology Day takes place on May 20, 2015. The day celebrates the signature by representatives of seventeen nations of The Metre Convention on 20 May 1875. The Convention set the framework for global collaboration in the science of measurement and in its industrial, commercial and societal application. The original aim of the Metre Convention – the worldwide uniformity of measurement – remains as important today as it was in 1875.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Day of Remembrance in Cambodia
May 20, 2015 in Cambodia
Day of Remembrance in Cambodia is observed on May 20, 2015. The Day of Remembrance, formerly called the National Day of Hatred, is an annual event in Cambodia. It commemorates the excesses of the Khmer Rouge regime that ruled the country between 1975 and 1979.
The day is still celebrated in Cambodia, although the commemorations lost much of their prominence. However, still commemorations are held, such as public theatre plays about the Khmer Rouge period.
Where is the event?
Nationwide Cambodia
Emancipation Day (Florida)
May 20, 2015 in Florida
Emancipation was proclaimed in Tallahassee on May 20, 1865, 11 days after the end of the Civil War and two years after the proclamation was first issued by President Abraham Lincoln.
The state of Florida observes emancipation in a ceremonial day on May 20. In the capital, Tallahassee, Civil War reenactors playing the part of Major General Edward McCook and other union soldiers act out the speech General McCook gave from the steps of the Knott House on May 20, 1865. This was the first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation in Florida.
Where is the event?
Nationwide Florida
Josephine Baker Day
May 20, 2015 in the USA
Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) was an American-born French dancer, singer, and actress who came to be known in various circles as the “Black Pearl,” “Bronze Venus” and even the “Creole Goddess”. Born Freda Josephine McDonald in St. Louis, Missouri, Josephine later became a citizen of France in 1937. She was fluent in both English and French.
Baker was the first black woman to star in a major motion picture, Zouzou (1934) or to become a world-famous entertainer. Baker, who refused to perform for segregated audiences in America, is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement. In 1963, she spoke at the March on Washington at the side of Martin Luther King, Jr. Baker was the only official female speaker and while wearing her Free French uniform emblazoned with her medal of the Légion d’honneur she introduced the “Negro Women for Civil Rights.” Rosa Parks and Daisy Bates were among those she acknowledged and both gave brief speeches. After King’s assassination, his widow Coretta Scott King approached Baker in the Netherlands to ask if she would take her husband’s place as leader of the American Civil Rights Movement. After many days of thinking it over, Baker declined, saying her children were “too young to lose their mother”.
Baker worked with the NAACP. Her reputation as a crusader grew to such an extent that the NAACP had Sunday 20 May 1951 declared Josephine Baker Day. She was presented with life membership of the NAACP by Nobel Peace Prize winner Dr. Ralph Bunche. The honor she was paid spurred her to further her crusading efforts with the “Save Willie McGee” rally and the 1948 beating of the furniture shop owner in Trenton, New Jersey. As Josephine became increasingly regarded as controversial, even many blacks began to shun her, fearing that her reputation would hurt their cause.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 20th May:
1293 – Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
1303 – Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to the English and arranges for marriage of English Prince Edward to French Princess Isabella
1310 – Shoes were made for both right & left feet
1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India – first European to reach India by sea
1609 – Shakespeare’s Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
1631 – Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years’ War
1830 – D Hyde patents fountain pen
1845 – HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost
1870 – Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands
1873 – Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets
1875 – International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
1902 – Cuba gains independence from Spain
1920 – Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
1926 – Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies
1927 – Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)
1932 – Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic
1948 – 1st use of Israeli Air Force & 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army
1954 – Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China
1959 – Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship
1972 – Republic of Cameroon declared as constitution is ratified
1980 – 710 families in Love Canal area (Niagara Falls NY) are evacuated
1990 – Hubble Space Telescope sends 1st photograph’s from space
1991 – Soviet parliament approves law allowing citizens to travel abroad
1993 – 10m meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)
2002 – The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).

 

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