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Calendar day; June 15, 2015

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Monday, the 15th of June, 2015 is the 166th day in 2015 and in the 25th calendar week.
General Events:
World Elder Abuse Awareness Day
June 15, 2015 in the World
The United Nations (UN) has designated June 15 as World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD). The first WEAAD was observed in 2012, and was marked by meetings and conferences at the UN headquarters in New York.
The day aims to focus global attention on the problem of physical, emotional, and financial abuse of elders. It also seeks to understand the challenges and opportunities presented by an ageing population, and brings together senior citizens, and their caregivers, national and local government, academics, and the private sector to exchange ideas about how best to reduce incidents of violence towards elders, increase reporting of such abuse, and to develop elder friendly policies.
Currently, the world is undergoing significant demographic changes. Estimates indicate that by 2050, the global population of people above the age of 60 will exceed the number of younger people. These changes have led to a worldwide recognition of the problems and challenges that face the elderly. Research has shown that elderly abuse, neglect, violence, and exploitation is one of the biggest issues facing senior citizens around the world. World Health Organization data suggests that 4 to 6 per cent of elderly suffer from some form of abuse, a large percentage of which goes unreported.
The purpose of the WEAAD is to encourage communities to recognize the problem of elderly abuse, and for countries to create policies that foster respect for elders and provide them the tools to continue to be productive citizens.
Where is World Elder Abuse Awareness Day?
Worldwide
Global Wind Day
June 15, 2015 in the World
Global Wind Day is observed on June 15, 2015. Global Wind Day is a worldwide event that occurs annually. It is organised by EWEA (European Wind Energy Association) and GWEC (Global Wind Energy Council). It is a day when wind energy is celebrated, information is exchanged and adults and children find out about wind energy, its power and the possibilities it holds to change the world.
In association with EWEA and GWEC, national wind energy associations and companies involved in wind energy production organise events in many countries around the world. Events include visits to onshore and offshore wind farms, information campaigns, demonstration turbines being set up in cities, wind workshops and a wind parade. Many events happens on Global Wind Day itself, but there are also events on the days and weeks before and afterwards.
Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form of energy, such as using wind turbines to make electrical power, windmills for mechanical power, wind pumps for water pumping or drainage, or sails to propel ships. Wind power, as an alternative to fossil fuels, is plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, clean, produces no greenhouse gas emissions during operation and uses little land.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Magna Carta Day
June 15, 2015 in the UK
Eight centuries ago this Monday, a peace treaty came into being that would become a pillar of English law and the basis of constitutional democracies in the United States and around the world hundreds of years later.
Rebel barons made King John of England seal the Magna Carta — the Great Charter — on June 15, 1215, in a bid to limit the power of the monarch, who they viewed as cruel and greedy.
The charter consisted of a preamble and 63 clauses and dealt mainly with feudal concerns that had little impact outside 13th century England. However, the document was remarkable in that it implied there were laws the king was bound to observe, thus precluding any future claim to absolutism by the English monarch. Of greatest interest to later generations was clause 39, which stated that “no free man shall be arrested or imprisoned or disseised [dispossessed] or outlawed or exiled or in any way victimised…except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.” This clause has been celebrated as an early guarantee of trial by jury and of habeas corpus and inspired England’s Petition of Right (1628) and the Habeas Corpus Act (1679).
The document set out the principle that everybody was subject to the law, even the king, for the first time on written record.
Some of its key principles influenced the U.S. Bill of Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and many other legal systems.
The Magna Carta has been subject to a great deal of historical exaggeration; it did not establish Parliament, as some have claimed, nor more than vaguely allude to the liberal democratic ideals of later centuries. However, as a symbol of the sovereignty of the rule of law, it was of fundamental importance to the constitutional development of England. Four original copies of the Magna Carta of 1215 exist today: one in Lincoln Cathedral, one in Salisbury Cathedral, and two in the British Museum.
Where is the event?
Nationwide UK
National Smile Power Day
June 15, 2015 in the USA
Smile Power Day takes place on June 15, 2015. The day is a chance to give everyone you see a huge “I like you” smile! A smile is a facial expression formed by flexing the muscles near both ends of the mouth and by flexing muscles throughout the mouth. Among humans, it is an expression denoting pleasure, sociability, happiness, or amusement.
Smiling is something that is understood by everyone despite culture, race, or religion; it is internationally known. Cross-cultural studies have shown that smiling is a means of communication throughout the world. But there are large differences between different cultures. A smile can also be spontaneous or artificial.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 15th June:
763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.
1215 – King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor, England
1219 – Dannebrog – oldest national flag in the world – and flag of Denmark. According to legend, fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes’ luck.
1643 – Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
1785 – 2 French balloonists die in world’s 1st fatal aviation accident
1826 – Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army
1844 – Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers
1864 – Robert E. Lee’s home area (Arlington, VA) becomes a military cemetery
1876 – Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000
1878 – 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse’s hooves leave the ground
1896 – Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku Japan 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured, with 13,000 houses destroyed
1898 – US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
1907 – Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon [Typhoid Mary] is the likely source of the outbreak
1907 – The 2nd Hague Peace Conference meets in an attempt to stop the arms race; Germany resists, but conference does make important rules around the rights of neutral powers
1908 – World congress for Women’s rights opens in Amsterdam
1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated
1924 – Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile
1924 – Native Americans are proclaimed US citizens
1962 – South Africa passes a bill setting death penalty for many crimes
1982 – Riots in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat
1986 – Pravda announces high-level Chernobyl staff fired for stupidity
2002 – Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon

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