Calendar day; July 17, 2015

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Friday, the 17th of July, 2015 is the 198th day in 2015 and in the 29th calendar week.
General Events:
International Justice Day
July 17, 2015 in the World
International Justice Day ist celebrated throughout the world on July 17, 2015 as part of an effort to recognize the emerging system of international criminal justice. It is also referred to as Day of International Criminal Justice or World Day for International Justice. July 17 was chosen because it is the anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute, the treaty that created the International Criminal Court (ICC).
On 17 July 1998, the Rome Statute was adopted by a vote of 120 to 7. The seven countries that voted against the treaty were Iraq, Israel, Libya, the People’s Republic of China, Qatar, the United States, and Yemen. Under the Rome Statue, the ICC can only investigate and prosecute in situations where states are unable or unwilling to do so themselves. Thus, the majority of international crimes continue to go unpunished unless and until domestic systems can properly deal with them. Therefore, permanent solutions to impunity must be found at the domestic level.
Each year, people around the world use International Justice Day to host events to promote international criminal justice, especially support for the International Criminal Court. The day has been successful enough to attract international news attention, and for groups to use the day to focus attention on particular issues such as genocide in Darfur, Falun Dafa, and serious crimes of violence against women.
Where is International Justice Day?
National Wrong Way Corrigan Day
July 17, 2015 in the USA
July 17th is known as National Wrong Way Corrigan Day.
Douglas Corrigan was an Irish-American aviator who “accidentally” flew to Ireland on a flight from New York, to Long Beach, CA.  Apparently, Corrigan made a navigational error during his flight, caused by heavy cloud coverage…he somehow ended up in Ireland!  Was it a true error?  No one will never know, as Corrigan never admitted to intentionally flying to a different country.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Eid al-Fitr
July 17, 2015 in the World
Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm), ends with the festival of Eid al-Fitr, which in 2015 occurs on July 17. Literally the “Festival of Breaking the Fast,” Eid al-Fitr is one of the two most important Islamic celebrations (the other occurs after the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca). At Eid al-Fitr people dress in their finest clothes, adorn their homes with lights and decorations, give treats to children, and enjoy visits with friends and family.
A sense of generosity and gratitude colors these festivities. Although charity and good deeds are always important in Islam, they have special significance at the end of Ramadan. As the month draws to a close, Muslims are obligated to share their blessings by feeding the poor and making contributions to mosques.
Where is Eid al-Fitr?
Yellow Pig Day
July 17, 2015 in the World
Yellow Pig Day is celebrated on July 17, 2015. It have been held by mathematicians since at least the 1960s. Most celebrations occur on July 17, although others are held on May 17 (May being the “17th month” of the previous year) andSeptember 17 (a convenient time for college students).
The Yellow Pig is believed to have originated with mathematicians Michael Spivak and David C. Kelly, while they were students at Princeton University in the early 1960s. They began listing interesting properties of the number 17, and somehow the 17-eyelashed yellow pig was born. References to yellow pigs are not uncommon among mathematicians. Several mathematicians maintain collections of yellow pigs.
In preparation for Yellow Pig Day, students decorate shirts (often mathematically themed) with yellow pigs on them. On Yellow Pigs Day students, staff, and visiting alumni wear these shirts. Ultimate has long been the official sport of the day, and a competitive student/alumni game is held. In recent years, origami yellow pigs have been folded.
Where is the event?
Historical Events on 17th July:
180 – 6 inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians. Earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world
1203 – Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade, Crusaders aboad a Venetian fleet attack the city
1585 – English secret service discovers Anthony Babington’s murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I
1686 – A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an ‘evangelical’ league of defence, called the ‘Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae’, against the Catholic League
1762 – Catherine II becomes tsarina of Russia upon the murder of Peter III
1791 – Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people
1821 – Spain cedes Florida to US
1841 – British humorous and satirycal magazine “Punch” first published; it finally closed in 2002
1863 – Maori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
1878 – Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
1898 – Spanish American War – Spaniards surrender to US at Santiago Cuba
1912 – IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
1917 – Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
1919 – Finland adopts constitution
1933 – After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances
1936 – Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War
1938 – Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY for LA, wound up in Ireland
1948 – Israeli army captures Nazareth
1948 – Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
1955 – Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California
1959 – Tibet abolishes serfdom
1959 – Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers the partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or ‘Zinj’ (now called Paranthropus boisei) that lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago
1964 – ANC leader Nelson Mandela, recently sentenced to life imprisonment, is awarded the Joliot Curie Gold Medal for Peace
1976 – Indonesian president Suharto annexes East Timor
1979 – Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza flees to Miami
1988 – 4 Billion tv-viewers watch Mandela’s 70th Birthday Tribute
1989 – 1st Test flight of US stealth-bomber
1994 – French youngster (4) becomes Buddhist Lama Tulkou Kalou Rinpoche
1998 – Russia buries Tsar Nicholas II & family, 80 years after they died

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