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Calendar day; July 28, 2015

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Tuesday, the 28th of July, 2015 is the 209th day in 2015 and in the 31st calendar week.
General Events:
World Hepatitis Day
July 28, 2015 in the World
The World Hepatitis Day is observed on July 28, 2015. It is a day to raise global awareness of hepatitis B and hepatitis C and to encourage prevention, diagnosis and treatment. The day is celebrated annually. Approximately 1 in 12 people worldwide is living with either hepatitis B or hepatitis C. If left untreated and unmanaged, hepatitis B or C can lead to advanced liver scarring and other complications, including liver cancer or liver failure.
World Hepatitis Day provides an opportunity to focus on specific actions such as: Strengthening prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis and its related diseases, increasing hepatitis B vaccine coverage and integration into national immunization programs and coordinating a global response to hepatitis to increase access to treatment.
Hepatitis B is an infectious inflammatory illness of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus that affects hominoidea, including humans. Originally known as “serum hepatitis”, the disease has caused epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa, and it is endemic in China. About a third of the world population has been infected at one point in their lives, including 350 million who are chronic carriers.
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease affecting primarily the liver, caused by the hepatitis C virus. The infection is often asymptomatic, but chronic infection can lead to scarring of the liver and ultimately to cirrhosis, which is generally apparent after many years. In some cases, those with cirrhosis will go on to develop liver failure, liver cancer or life-threatening esophageal and gastric varices.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Independence Day Peru
July 28, 2015 in Peru
Known as ‘Fiestas Patrias’, this holiday is always celebrated on 28 July and marks Peru’s declaration of independence from Spain in 1821. The holiday lasts for two days. If 28 July falls on a Tuesday, then the Monday may be given as a bridge holiday. This is the case in 2015.
Celebrations usually begin on the evening of 27 July with folk music played across parks and plazas in Peru. On 28 July, the celebrations are patriotic, with 21-gun salutes and a flag raising ceremony in the capital, Lima. The second day of the holiday focuses on celebrating the Armed Forces and the National Police of Peru and is marked by a large military parade,
In the south of Peru, festivities begin on St. James’ Day, 25 July.
Where is Independence Day Peru?
Nationwide Peru
Buffalo Soldiers Day
July 28, 2015 in the USA
Buffalo Soldiers Day is observed annually on July 28th.  This day commemorates the formation in 1866 of the first regular Army regiments comprising African-American soldiers. Buffalo Soldier Commemorations have been held throughout our nation since 1992 when the United States Congress passed a law designating July 28th as Buffalo Soldiers Day in the United States.
“Buffalo Soldiers” (one of many African-American regiments raised during the Civil War) were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.
Mark Matthews, who is now buried at Arlington National Cemetery, was the oldest living Buffalo Soldier at 111 years old when he died on September 6, 2005.
The segregated regiments were disbanded during the 1940’s and 1950’s as the U.S. armed forces embraced integration.
On the first Buffalo Soldiers Day in 1992, a monument to the Buffalo Soldier was dedicated at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas by General Colin Powell.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 28th July:
1586 – Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England
1741 – Capt Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska
1794 – French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of “the Terror” guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
1821 – Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
1858 – First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
1868 – US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
1883 – Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
1893 – A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women’s suffrage, is delivered to the New Zealand parliament; signed by more 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population led by Kate Sheppard
1914 – Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia – first declaration of war of WWI
1915 – Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934
1917 – Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting against lynching
1945 – US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
1951 – Walt Disney’s animated musical film “Alice In Wonderland” released
1957 – Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992
1976 – 242,000 die in Tientsin-Tangshan (China) 8.2 earthquake
1980 – Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
1986 – NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, “Uh-oh!” as spacecraft disintegrated
1995 – Norwegian Finance Minister Sigbjorn Johnsen says that Norway should not lower its crude oil production in an attempt to boost world oil prices
2005 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland

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