IOTD *special*





Calendar day; September 3, 2015

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Thursday, the 3rd of September, 2015 is the 246th day in 2015 and in the 36th calendar week.
Birth of Anna, Duchess of Bedford, Creator of Afternoon Tea (3 September 1783)
Anna Maria Russell, Duchess of Bedford (3 September 1783 – 3 July 1857) was a lifelong friend of Queen Victoria, whom she served as a Lady of the Bedchamber between 1837 and 1841.
The Duchess is best remembered as the creator of the British meal afternoon tea whilst visiting the 5th Duke of Rutland at Belvoir Castle in the mid-1840s. During the 18th century, dinner came to be served later and later in the day until, by the early 19th century, the normal time was between 7:00 and 8:30 p.m. An extra meal called luncheon had been created to fill the midday gap between breakfast and dinner, but as this new meal was very light, the long afternoon with no refreshment at all left people feeling hungry. She found a light meal of tea (usually Darjeeling) and cakes or sandwiches was the perfect balance. The Duchess found taking an afternoon snack to be such a perfect refreshment that she soon began inviting her friends to join her. Afternoon tea quickly became an established and convivial repast in many middle and upper class households.
General Events:
Australian National Flag Day
September 3, 2015 in Australia
Australian National Flag Day is observed on September 03, 2015. It commemorates the day in 1901 on which the Australian National Flag was first flown. On that day Prime Minister Edmund Barton announced the winners of a competition to design a flag for Australia. A large flag, 5.5 metres by 11 metres, was flown over the dome of the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. On 28 August 1996, the Governor-General of Australia, Sir William Deane, issued a proclamation from Government House, Canberra that officially established 3 September as Australian National Flag Day. Australian National Flag Day is not a public holiday. Ceremonies are held annually in schools, major centres, and the Governor-General, Governors and some politicians attend or release statements to the media.
Where is Australian National Flag Day?
Nationwide Australia
Skyscraper Day
September 3, 2015 in the World
Skyscraper Day takes place on September 03, 2015. It is on September 3rd because that is Louis H. Sullivan’s birthday (1856), the architect credited with the first skyscrapers. Because of Sullivan’s remarkable accomplishments in design and construction at such a critical point in architectural history, he has sometimes been described as the “father” of the American skyscraper. In truth, many architects had been building skyscrapers before or contemporarily with Sullivan.
A skyscraper is a tall, continuously habitable building of many storeys, usually designed for office and commercial use. There is no official definition or height above which a building may be classified as a skyscraper. One common feature of skyscrapers is having a steel framework that supports curtain walls.
Today, skyscrapers are an increasingly common sight where land is expensive, as in the centres of big cities, because they provide such a high ratio of rentable floor space per unit area of land. They are built not just for economy of space; like temples and palaces of the past, skyscrapers are considered symbols of a city’s economic power. Not only do they define the skyline, they help to define the city’s identity. In some cases, exceptionally tall skyscrapers have been built not out of necessity, but to help define the city’s identity and presence or power as a city.
Where is the event?
National Welsh Rarebit Day
September 3, 2015 in the USA
September 3rd annually celebrates National Welsh Rarebit Day, an “unofficial” national holiday. What is a rarebit?  It is actually a Welsh term for “rabbit”.  Not unlike mock turtle soup having no turtle in it, Welsh rarebit does not contain rabbit.  This dish is actually made with toast that has hot cheese poured over it.
In the eighteenth century, Welsh Rarebit was served as a succulent supper and was also known as a pub/tavern dish. It was mostly made with cheddar cheeses and a wheat-type bread, opposed to the typical European fondue and swiss cheeses.  As with any dish, there are different versions and variations of Welsh Rarebit.  Some of the things that can be added are not limited to cayenne pepper, mustard, worcestershire and paprika.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 3rd September:
36 BC – In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus
1189 – Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation – Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed
1697 – King William’s War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
1752 – Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
1783 – Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
1812 – World’s first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
1882 – French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
1900 – With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
1918 – 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed
1924 – Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
1930 – Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
1939 – WWII: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
1944 – 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
1949 – Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
1964 – 2nd incident that year of race riots in Singapore between Chinese and Malay, 13 people killed, 106 injured
1971 – Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
1988 – Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War
1996 – Slowinski & Gage discovers 2^1257787-1 (34th known Mersenne prime)
2004 – The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children

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