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Calendar day; October 1, 2015

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Thursday, the 1st of October, 2015 is the 274th day in 2015 and in the 40th calendar week.
Breast Cancer Awareness Month
October 1 – 31, 2015 in the USA
National Breast Cancer Awareness Month is observed in October 2015. Breast Cancer Awareness Month,is an annual international health campaign organized by major breast cancer charities every October to increase awareness of the disease and to raise funds for research into its cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure.
A variety of events around the world are organized in October, including walks and runs, and the pink illumination of landmark buildings. In the United States, the National Football League promotes breast cancer awareness by incorporating pink on and off the field, and comic strip artists use pink on one day in October
Breast cancer is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk. Cancers originating from ducts are known as ductal carcinomas, while those originating from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas.
Black History Month in the UK
October 1 – 31, 2015 in UK
In October 2015 Black History Month is celebrated in the UK. Black History Month was first celebrated in the United Kingdom in 1987. This establishment of Black History Month is generally attributed to the work of Ghanaian analyst Akyaaba Addai-Sebo, as well as the Greater London Council.
Black History Month, also known as African-American History Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom for remembrance of important people and events in the history of the African diaspora.
The African diaspora refers to the communities throughout the world that are descended from the historic movement of peoples from Africa, predominantly to the Americas, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, among other areas around the globe.
Filipino American History Month
October 131, 2015 in the USA
Filipino American History Month is observed in October 2015. Filipino American History Month is celebrated in the United States during the month of October. The Filipino American National Historical Society established Filipino American History Month in the year 1988. In California and Hawaii, where a large number of Filipino Americans reside, Filipino American History Month is widely celebrated.
Founded on 26 November 1982 in Seattle, Washington, the Filipino American National Historical Society is a community-based organization whose mission is to promote understanding, education, enlightenment, appreciation, and enrichment through the identification, gathering, preservation, and dissemination of the history and culture of Filipino Americans in the United States.
Filipino Americans are Americans of Filipino descent and comprise about 3.4 million people, or 1.1% of the U.S. population. They are the country’s second-largest self-reported Asian ancestry group after Chinese Americans according to 2010 American Community Survey.
Polish American Heritage Month
October 131, 2015 in the USA
October 2015 is Polish American Heritage Month. Polish American Heritage Month is an annual event celebrated in October by Polish American communities. It was first celebrated in 1981 after organization by Michael Blichasz, President of the Polish American Cultural Center in Philadelphia.
Originally it was celebrated in August at various gatherings, travel events, and culturally-significant locations in Pennsylvania. The Polish American Cultural Center and the Polish American Congress lobbied politicians at the state and national level to make August the month for Polish heritage.
Proclamations were made by Presidents Reagan and George H.W. Bush, but beginning with Bill Clinton, U.S. Presidents have since made proclamations for General Pulaski Memorial Day, and official messages noting Polish American Heritage month. Barack Obama has not made any Proclamations or Official Messages commemorating Polish American Heritage Month.
Bullying Prevention Month
October 131, 2015 in the USA
In October 2015 National Bullying Prevention Month is celebrated. Traditionally held the first week in October, the event was expanded in 2010 to include activities, education, and awareness building for the entire month. National Bullying Prevention Month is recognized in communities across the United States, with hundreds of schools and organizations signing on as partners.
Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate, or aggressively impose domination over others. The behavior is often repeated and habitual. One essential prerequisite is the perception, by the bully or by others, of an imbalance of social or physical power.
Bullying ranges from simple one-on-one bullying to more complex bullying in which the bully may have one or more lieutenants who may seem to be willing to assist the primary bully in his or her bullying activities. Bullying in school and the workplace is also referred to as peer abuse.
American Archives Month
October 1 – 31, 2015 in USA, Ireland, UK
American Archives Month is observed in October 2015. The month was founded in 1969 by the Michigan State University Archives & Historical Collections, but now Archives Month is a collaborative effort by professional organizations and repositories.
Their main point of American Archives month was and is to celebrate the importance of archives and to raise awareness about the value of archives. Lessons of how to preserve certain photographs and documents are also provided for each state. Each state normally celebrates the affair through a series of week long events.
Archival research is a type of primary research which involves seeking out and extracting evidence from original archival records. These records may be held either in institutional archive repositories, or in the custody of the organisation that originally generated or accumulated them, or in that of a successor body.
General Events:
International Day of Older Persons
October 1, 2015 in the World
International Day of Older Persons is celebrated on October 01, 2015. The holiday is celebrated by raising awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse. It is also a day to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society. This holiday is similar to National Grandparents Day in the United States and Canada as well as Respect for the Aged Day in Japan.
The observance is a focus of ageing organizations and the United Nations Programme on Ageing. On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons. The holiday was observed for the first time on October 1, 1991.
Where is Day of Older Persons?
Worldwide
World Vegetarian Day
October 1, 2015 in the World
World Vegetarian Day takes place on October 01, 2015. It is a day of celebration established by the North American Vegetarian Society in 1977 and endorsed by the International Vegetarian Union in 1978, “To promote the joy, compassion and life-enhancing possibilities of vegetarianism.” It brings awareness to the ethical, environmental, health and humanitarian benefits of a vegetarian lifestyle.
World Vegetarian Day initiates the month of October as Vegetarian Awareness Month, which ends with November 1, World Vegan Day, as the end of that month of celebration. Vegetarian Awareness Month has been known variously as Reverence for Life month, Month of Vegetarian Food, and more.
Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat – red meat, poultry, seafood and the flesh of any other animal; it may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter. Vegetarianism can be adopted for different reasons. Many object to eating meat out of respect for sentient life.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
World Music Day (The Fête de la Musique)
October 1, 2015 in the World
On October 01, 2015 World Music Day, also known as The Fête de la Musique is celebrated. The music festival is observed annually and this idea was first broached by American musician Joel Cohen: In the 1970s he spent two seasons as a producer of musical radio programs for the French National Radio (France Musique), where he originated the concept of an all-day musical celebration on the days of the solstice. The idea was taken up by French Music and Dance director Maurice Fleuret for Minister of Culture Jack Lang in 1981 and first took place in 1982 in Paris.
The World Music Days purpose is to promote music in two ways: Amateur and professional musicians are encouraged to perform in the streets. The slogan Faites de la musique (make music), a homophone of Fête de la Musique, is used to promote this goal. On the other side, many free concerts are organized, making all genres of music accessible to the public. Two of the caveats to being sanctioned by the official Fête de la Musique organization in Paris are that all concerts must be free to the public, and all performers donate their time for free.
Despite there being a large tolerance about the performance of music by the general public of amateurs in public areas after usual hours, the noise restrictions still apply, and can cause some establishments to be forbidden to open and broadcast music out of their doors without prior authorization. So the prefectures of police in France can still forbid them to install any audio hardware in the street. Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence. Its common elements are pitch, rhythm, dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Independence Day of Cyprus
October 1, 2015 in Cyprus
Independence Day of Cyprus takes place on October 01, 2015. It is celebrated by festivals at the schools and a large military parade in the capital. Cyprus became independent from the British in 1960, after a 4 year war.
Where is Independence Day of Cyprus?
Nationwide Cyprus
Unification Day of Cameroon
October 1, 2015 in Cameroon
Unification Day of Cameroon takes place on October 01, 2015. Unification Day is a holiday in Cameroon, marking the anniversary of British Southern Cameroons’ independence from the United Kingdom and unification with French Cameroun in 1961. This is not to be confused with the anniversary of French Cameroun’s independence from France, an event which occurred on 1 January 1960.
Where is Unification Day of Cameroon?
Nationwide Cameroon
National Day of the People’s Republic of China
October 1, 2015 in China
National Day of the People’s Republic of China takes place on October 01, 2015. It is a public holiday in the People’s Republic of China to celebrate their national day. The PRC was founded on October 1, 1949 with a ceremony at Tiananmen Square. The Central People’s Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People’s Republic of China on December 2, 1949 and declared that October 1 is the National Day. The National Day marks the start of one of the two Golden Weeks in the PRC. However, there have been some recent controversies over whether Golden Weeks should be kept. The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organised festivities, including fireworks and concerts. Public places, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed.
Where is National Day of the People’s Republic of China?
Nationwide China
Lincolnshire Day
October 1, 2015 in England
Lincolnshire Day is celebrated on October 01, 2015. Lincolnshire Day is celebrated every year and marks the anniversary of the Lincolnshire Rising, a revolt by Catholics against the establishment of the Church of England by Henry VIII in 1536. The first official Lincolnshire Day was held in 2006 to commemorate the uprising. The date was voted for by readers of Lincolnshire Life magazine and BBC Radio Lincolnshire listeners. The day aims to encourage local people, often known as yellowbellies, and those who have moved from the county to honour the historical event along with Lincolnshire’s traditions, past and culture. Some people dress up in yellow to celebrate the day, while others hold local events and decorate their workplaces with Lincolnshire flags.
Where is Lincolnshire Day?
Nationwide England
Historical Events on 1st October:
331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela
959 – Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes king of all England
1574 – -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
1653 – Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
1688 – Prince Willem III of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
1705 – Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
1795 – Belgium is conquered by France
1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte the previous spring
1827 – The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
1843 – News of the World began publication in London
1847 – German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske
1852 – Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America
1864 – Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
1867 – Karl Marx’ “Das Kapital” published
1888 – National Geographic magazine publishes for 1st time
1895 – Romanians in Costantinople massacred
1898 – Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities
1903 – 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
1908 – Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)
1914 – The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
1920 – Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
1931 – Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
1934 – Adolf Hitler expands German army & navy & creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles
1936 – Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
1942 – Little Golden Books (children’s books) begins publishing
1949 – People’s Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)
1949 – Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
1957 – B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack
1960 – Nigeria gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1968 – “Night of the Living Dead” premieres in Pittsburgh
1975 – Britain grants internal self-government to Seychelles
1979 – US returns Canal Zone (but not the canal) to Panama after 75 years
1982 – The Sony CDP-101, the world’s first commercially released Compact Disc player, is released in Japan for 168,000 yen ($730)
1988 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and thus head of state of the Soviet Union
1990 – Serbs in Croatia proclaim autonomy
1998 – Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation

 

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