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Calendar day; December 21, 2015


Monday, the 21st of December, 2015 is the 355th day in 2015 and in the 52nd calendar week.
General Events:
Humbug Day 2015
December 21, 2015 in the World
Humbug Day is celebrated on December 21, 2015. The day allows everyone preparing for Christmas to vent their frustrations. In modern usage, the word “Humbug” is most associated with Ebenezer Scrooge, a character created by Charles Dickens.
His famous reference to Christmas, “Bah! Humbug!”, declaring Christmas to be a fraud, is commonly used in stage and television versions of A Christmas Carol and also appeared frequently in the original book. Scrooge is a cold-hearted, tight-fisted and greedy man, who despises Christmas.
The word Humbug refers to a person or item that tricks, deceives, talks, or behaves in a way that is deceptive, dishonest, false, or insincere, often a hoax or in jest. The term was first described in 1751 as student slang. It is now also often used as an exclamation to mean ‘nonsense’ or ‘gibberish’.
Humbug Day  “Allows everyone preparing for Christmas to vent their frustrations.”
Where is the event?
Dongzhi Festival
December 21, 2015 in East Asia
Dongzhi Festival is observed on December 21, 2015. The Dongzhì Festival or Winter Solstice Festival is one of the most important festivals celebrated by the Chinese and other East Asians during the Dongzhi solar term (winter solstice) on or around December 22 when sunshine is weakest and daylight shortest. The origins of this festival can be traced back to the yin and yang philosophy of balance and harmony in the cosmos. After this celebration, there will be days with longer daylight hours and therefore an increase in positive energy flowing in.
Where is Dongzhi Festival?
Nationwide East Asia
Yalda 2015
December 21, 2015 in Persia
Yalda takes place on December 21, 2015. Yalda, Shab-e Yalda, “Night of Birth”, or Zayeshmehr, or Shab-e Chelleh is the Persian winter solstice celebration which has been popular since ancient times. Yalda is celebrated on the Northern Hemisphere’s longest night of the year, that is, on the eve of the Winter Solstice. Depending on the shift of the calendar, Yalda is celebrated on or around December 20 or 21 each year. Yalda has a history as long as the religion of Mithraism. The Mithraists believed that this night is the night of the birth of Mithra, Persian angel of light and truth. At the morning of the longest night of the year the Mithra was born. Following the Persian calendar reform of 1925, which pegged some seasonal events to specific days of the calendar, Yalda came to be celebrated on the night before and including the first day of the tenth month. Subject to seasonal drift, this day may sometimes fall a day before or a day after the actual Winter Solstice.
Where is Yalda?
Nationwide Persia
Yule (Winter Solstice)
December 21, 2015 in the World
Christmas is also referred to as Yule, which is derived from the Norse word jól, referring to the pre-Christian winter solstice festival. Winter Solstice has been celebrated in cultures the world over for thousands of years. This start of the solar year is a celebration of Light and the rebirth of the Sun.
Yule is also known as Alban Arthan and is one of the “Lesser Sabbats” of the Wiccan year when believers celebrate the rebirth of the Sun God and days with more light. This took place annually around the time of the December solstice and lasted for 12 days. The Lesser Sabbats fall on the solstices and equinoxes.
Where is Yule?
Look on the Bright Side Day
December 21, 2015 in the World
Look on the Bright Side Day is observed on December 21, 2015. It is a day to be optimistic. Look on the Bright Side Day falls on winter solstice which is the darkest and shortest day of the year. While it’s true that today is the year’s darkest, tomorrow starts the trend toward brightening things up again.
Optimism is a mental attitude or world view that interprets situations and events as being best (optimized), meaning that in some way for factors that may not be fully comprehended, the present moment is in an optimum state. The concept is typically extended to include the attitude of hope for future conditions unfolding as optimal as well.
A common idiom used to illustrate optimism versus pessimism is a glass with water at the halfway point, where the optimist is said to see the glass as half full, but the pessimist sees the glass as half empty.
Where is the event?
National Homeless Persons’ Remembrance Day 2015
December 21, 2015 in the USA
National Homeless Persons’ Remembrance Day is observed annually on the first day of Winter.
Since 1990, the National Coalition for the Homeless and the National Health Care for the Homeless Council have sponsored National Homeless Persons’ Remembrance Day to bring attention to the plight of the nation’s homeless population and to encourage the public to act on their behalf.
Because media attention to such issues increases during the holiday season in December, National Homeless Persons’ Remembrance Day was in part created to garner a public forum for this issue, and local groups are encouraged to seek out and work with their local media outlets to publicize the event.
Local groups across the country are encouraged first to determine the number of homeless persons in their community who died in the previous year and then arrange a ceremony to remember them. Candlelight marches, vigils, graveside services, plays and performances, religious services, and public policy advocacy are the suggested ways of remembering.  Some groups have read publicly a list of names of the deceased.
Where is National Homeless Persons’ Remembrance Day?
Nationwide USA
Forefather’s Day
December 21, 2015 in  Plymouth, Massachusetts
Forefathers’ Day is a holiday celebrated in Plymouth, Massachusetts, on December 22. It is a commemoration of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in Plymouth, Massachusetts, on December 21, 1620. It was introduced in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1769.
The pilgrims set sail in two ships, the Speedwell and the Mayflower, to the new world. After the Speedwell had problems they had to return to England and start all over again. Finally the pilgrims started their journey all together with the Mayflower.
Forefathers Day’ is celebrated every year by the Old Colony Club, established in 1769 “to honor the forefathers”. The celebration begins at 6:00 AM with a march by members to the top of Cole’s Hill next to Massasoit’s statue, followed by a reading of a proclamation honoring the forefathers and a ritual firing of the club’s cannon.
The Old Colony Club and the Mayflower Society both include a succotash dinner as part of their celebration. Sauquetash was recorded as a part of the first Thanksgiving. Unlike later versions of succotash, in Plymouth succotash is served as a broth containing large pieces of fowl and meat that are sliced at the table.
When the 22nd falls on a Sunday, the Old Colony Club celebrates Forefathers Day’ on the following Monday.
There is some good-hearted dispute between the Old Colony Club and the Mayflower Society. The simple fact of the celebration falling on separate days permits members of both societies to participate in both celebrations. In adjusting the date to the Gregorian calendar, the anniversary was erroneously established on December 22 instead of December 21.
Forefathers Day was made a legal holiday in Massachusetts in 1895 but they use the correct date of December 21.
Where is the event?
Nationwide Plymouth, Massachusetts
Natural Events:
Winter Solstice
December 21, 2015 in the World, Northern Hemisphere
The Winter Solstice occurs exactly when the Earth’s axial tilt is farthest away from the sun at its maximum of 23° 26′. Though the Winter Solstice lasts only an instant in time, the term is also colloquially used as Midwinter or contrastingly the first day of winter to refer to the day on which it occurs. More evident to those in high latitudes, this occurs on the shortest day, and longest night, and the sun’s daily maximum position in the sky is the lowest.
The seasonal significance of the Winter Solstice is in the reversal of the gradual lengthening of nights and shortening of days. Depending on the shift of the calendar, the Winter Solstice occurs on December 21 or 22 each year in the Northern Hemisphere
Worldwide, interpretation of the event has varied from culture to culture, but most cultures have held a recognition of rebirth, involving holidays, festivals, gatherings, rituals or other celebrations around that time.
Where is Winter Solstice?
Worldwide Northern Hemisphere
Historical Events on 21st December:
1598 – Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile; all Spanish cities south of the Biobio river are eventually taken by the Mapuches, and all conquest of Mapuche territories by Europeans practically ceases, until the 1870s “Pacification of Araucania”
1620 – 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock [OS=Dec 11]
1788 – Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
1844 – The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement
1898 – Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium
1906 – British Parliament pass two important pieces of social legislation: The Trades Disputes Bill, legalizing peaceful picketing, and The Workingmen’s Compensation Act, broadening employers’ liability for accidents
1913 – 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World
1919 – J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia
1933 – Dried human blood serum 1st prepared, Univ of Pennsylvania
1937 – The first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre
1946 – Earthquake in South Japan, kills 1,086
1957 – Indonesia proclaims end to state of war
1962 – US & Cuba accord, releases bay of pigs captive
1975 – Madagascar adopts constitution
1984 – USSR launches Vega 2 for fly-by of Halley’s Come
1988 – Lockerbie disaster: Pan Am Flight 103 destroyed mid air by a terrorist bomb killing all 258 on board over Scotland
1991 – Soviet Union formally dissolves as 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States
1995 – The city of Bethlehem passes from Israeli to Palestinian control
1999 – The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.

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