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Calendar day; December 28, 2015

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 Monday, the 28th of December, 2015 is the 362th day in 2015 and in the 53rd calendar week.
General Events:
Card Playing Day
December 28, 2015 in the World
Card Playing Day takes place on December 28, 2015. A playing card is a piece of specially prepared heavy paper, thin cardboard, plastic-coated paper, cotton-paper blend, or thin plastic, marked with distinguishing motifs and used as one of a set for playing card games. Playing cards are typically palm-sized for convenient handling.
Countless card games exist, including families of related games (such as poker). A small number of card games played with traditional decks have formally standardized rules, but most are folk games whose rules vary by region, culture, and person.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Els Enfarinats
December 28, 2015 in Alicante
Els Enfarinats is celebrated on December 28, 2015. The annual festival of Els Enfarinats takes place in the town of Ibi in Alicante, Spain, as part of celebrations related to the Day of the Innocents. In the day long festival, participants known as the Els Enfarinats dress in mock military dress and stage a mock coup d’état. Meanwhile, the Casats i Fadrins, accompanied by a band of street musicians called the Rondalla, known by the name of Sonet, Xirimita and Tabal, tour the city. At 8am, the Els Enfarinats take the city under the slogan “New Justice”, and at 9am the Race for Mayor will take place in which it will be decided who is to be Mayor of the Els Enfarinats. Then, the act of L’Aixavegó is carried out in the Plaça de l’Església (Church Square), where the Els Enfarinats reside. Here, it is decided that those who do not pay the fine will go to jail. At midday, a collection called the Arreplegada dels Enfarinats takes place through the streets of the old quarter and of the city centre of Ibi, terminating in the Sant Joaquim Sanctuary. They exercise their authority under a blaze of fireworks, flour bombs and eggs. At five o’clock in the afternoon the authority of Els Enfarinats comes to an end giving way to the celebration of the traditional Dansà.
Where is Els Enfarinats?
Nationwide Alicante
Pledge of Allegiance Day
December 28, 2015 in the USA
Congress formally recognized the Pledge of Allegiance on December 28, 1945.  Thought to have been written by Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance was published anonymously by a magazine for young people, The Youth’s Companion, and was written in celebration of the 400th anniversary, in 1892, of the discovery of America.
The text of the pledge, as originally written and modified a bit by the National Flag Conference in 1923 and 1924, was inserted into this legislation, but without designating it as the official pledge. In its original form it read: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” The small changes made resulted in this version: “I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
The words “under God” were added by Congress on June 14, 1954, in response to the anti-Communist opinion sweeping the country during the Cold War.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Innocents’ Day
December 28, 2015 in the World
Innocents’ Day is observed on December 28, 2015. The Massacre of the Innocents is the biblical narrative of infanticide by Herod the Great, the Roman appointed King of the Jews. The number of infants killed is not stated, however the Holy Innocents have been claimed as the first Christian martyrs. The commemoration of the massacre of these “Holy Innocents” – considered by some Christians as the first martyrs for Christ – first appears as a feast of the western church in the Leonine Sacramentary, dating from about 485.
Today, the date of Holy Innocents’ Day, also called The Innocents’ Day or Childermas or Children’s Mass, varies. The 27th of December is the date for West Syrians and East Syrians. 28th December is the date in the Church of England, the Lutheran Church and the Roman Catholic Church (in which, except on Sunday, violet vestments were worn before 1961, instead of red, the normal liturgical colour for celebrating martyrs). The Eastern Orthodox Church celebrates the feast on 29 December.
Where is Innocents’ Day?
Worldwide
Historical Events on 28th December:
1612 – First observation of Neptune – Galileo observes and records a “fixed star” without realising it is a planet
1836 – Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
1849 – M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect
1860 – Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn NY, on her last mission to free slaves, evading capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad
1867 – United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits
1908 – Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy (nearly 80,000 died)
1921 – The beginning of the Rand Rebellion in Southern Africa; the rebellion started as a strike by white mineworkers on and became an open armed rebellion against the state
1943 – All Kalmyk inhabitants of of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route
1945 – Congress officially recognizes “Pledge of Allegiance”
1950 – Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea
1972 – Martin Bormanns skeleton found in Berlin (Hitlers deputy)
1973 – Alexander Solzhenitsyn publishes “Gulag Archipelago” – a literary investigation of the police-state system in the Soviet Union
1975 – “The Hail Mary”, with 32 seconds left in the NFC Divisional Playoff Game, Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach throws a desperate 50-yard winning touchdown pass to Drew Pearson to defeat the Minnesota Vikings, and the “Hail Mary” play is born
1976 – Winnie Mandela banished in South Africa
1984 – Creosote bush determined to be 11,700 years old
2007 – Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.

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