Tuesday, the 16th of September, 2014 is the 259th day in 2014 and in the 38th calendar week.
General Events:
International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
September 16, 2014 in the World
International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is observed on September 16, 2014. The day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly. This designation was made on December 19, 1994, in commemoration of the date, in 1987, on which nations signed the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
The ozone layer is a layer in Earth’s atmosphere which absorbs most of the Sun’s UV radiation. The ozone layer absorbs 97–99% of the Sun’s medium-frequency ultraviolet light, which otherwise would potentially damage exposed life forms on Earth. Ozone depletion describes two distinct but related phenomena observed since the late 1970s: a steady decline of about 4% per decade in the total volume of ozone in Earth’s stratosphere, and a much larger springtime decrease in stratospheric ozone over Earth’s polar regions. The latter phenomenon is referred to as the ozone hole.
CFCs and other contributory substances are referred to as ozone-depleting substances. Since the ozone layer prevents most harmful UVB wavelengths of UV light from passing through the Earth’s atmosphere, observed and projected decreases in ozone have generated worldwide concern leading to adoption of the Montreal Protocol that bans the production of CFCs, halons, and other ozone-depleting chemicals such as carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethane.
It is suspected that a variety of biological consequences such as increases in skin cancer, cataracts, damage to plants, and reduction of plankton populations in the ocean’s photic zone may result from the increased UV exposure due to ozone depletion.
Theme: Ozone Layer Protection – The Mission Goes On: http://www.un.org/en/events/ozoneday/
Where is Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer?
Worldwide
Trail of Tears Commemoration Day
September 16, 2014 in the Cherokee Nation/USA
The Trail of Tears is one of the dark points in American history. Officially known as The Indian Removal Act of 1830; the deadline of voluntary removal was May 1838.
The military was prepared to use force and did so under the command of General Winfield Scott. General Scott ordered the round-up and removal of over 17,000 Cherokees who refused to leave.
The process was swift and brutal. Detachments of soldiers arrived at every Cherokee house and drove men, women, and children out of their homes with only the clothes on their backs. They were placed in concentration camps where conditions were horrendous. Food and supplies were limited and disease was rampant. Many of whom perished.
On this day, more than any other, we are reminded of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole nations who suffered.
Where is Trail of Tears Commemoration Day?
Nationwide Cherokee Nation/USA
Heroes Day in Saint Kitts and Nevis
September 16, 2014 in Saint Kitts and Nevis
National Heroes Day in Saint Kitts and Nevis is observed on September 16, 2014. National Heroes Day is a Saint Kitts and Nevis holiday observed annually that honours individuals who have made significant contributions to the advancement of the nation. As of 2011 there are three national heroes: Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw, Paul Southwell, and Joseph Nathaniel France. National Heroes Day was established in 1996 by the Saint Kitts and Nevis Federal Parliament with the passage of the National Honours Act.
Where is National Heroes Day in Saint Kitts and Nevis?
Nationwide Saint Kitts and Nevis
Mexican Independence Day
September 16, 2014 in Mexico
In the early hours of September 16th, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a priest in the small town of Dolores, Guanajuato, rang the church bell to gather the townspeople. He called for the people of Mexico to rise up against the Spanish Crown, thus initiating Mexico’s War of Independence. The country did not achieve independence until 1821, but it is this event, known as the Grito de Dolores which is commemorated every year in town squares across Mexico.
The largest Independence Day celebration takes place in Mexico City’s Zocalo, which is decorated from the beginning of September with red, white and green lights and Mexican flags. On the 15th, at 11 pm the President of the Republic goes out onto the central balcony of the National Palace (Palacio Nacional), rings the bell (the same bell Hidalgo rang in 1810, brought to Mexico City in 1886) and cries to the people gathered in the square below, who enthusiastically respond “¡Viva!”
Where is Mexican Independence Day?
Nationwide Mexico
Working Parents Day
September 16, 2014 in the World
Working Parents Day is a day to celebrate those amazing parents who work hard all year to provide for their families.
Being a parent is tough and often involves balancing a full-time job, child care and a marriage or relationship. Many parents work incredibly hard in order to ensure their kids have food, clothing, shelter and a whole host of luxury items in order to make their childhood great.
Although the origins of Working Parents Day are unknown, it seems logical to suggest it was created by an overworked, under-appreciated mother or father, seeking some basic recognition for their efforts.
Regardless of who created it and why, this is a day for parents to put their feet up, relax and take a much-needed break from all the hard graft. It is also a day for children to show their appreciation and potentially take on some of the day-to-day household chores.
Where is Working Parents Day?
Worldwide
American Legion Day
September 16, 2014 in the USA
The American Legion was granted its federal charter by Congress on this day in 1919. It was established to support and assist veterans returning from World War I. Since then it has grown and supported veterans of all wars, and veterans of peacetime as well.
The American Legion currently has over 3 million member veterans, at more than 14,000 posts worldwide. They provide a social community and mutual aid to all members.
While the American Legion was formed in 1919, it wasn’t until 2009 that this special day was created. On September 15, 2009, Congress proclaimed September 16 as American Legion Day.
Where is American Legion Day?
Nationwide USA
National Play Doh Day
September 16, 2014 in the USA
National Play Doh Day is observed on September 16, 2014. Play-Doh is a modeling compound used by young children for art and craft projects at home and in school. Composed of flour, water, salt, boric acid, and mineral oil, the product was first manufactured in Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S., as a wallpaper cleaner in the 1930s.
When a classroom of children began using the wallpaper cleaner as a modeling compound, the product was reworked and marketed to Cincinnati schools in the mid-1950s. Play-Doh was demonstrated at an educational convention in 1956 and prominent department stores opened retail accounts.
Advertisements promoting Play-Doh on influential children’s television shows in 1957 furthered the product’s sales. Since its launch on the toy market in the mid-1950s, Play-Doh has generated a considerable amount of ancillary merchandise such as The Fun Factory. In 2003, the Toy Industry Association named Play-Doh in its “Century of Toys List”.
Where is National Play Doh Day?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 16th September:
1630 – Mass village of Shawmut changes name to Boston
1666 – “Messiah” Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
1701 – James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the “Old Pretender”, becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
1795 – British capture Capetown South Africa
1810 – Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, which called for the end of Spanish rule Mexican Independence Day celebrates this event
1848 – Slavery abolished in all French territories
1859 – Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi’s boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone
1873 – German troops leave France
1893 – Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma opens white settlement homesteaders
1906 – Roald Amundsen discovers Magnetic South Pole
1908 – Carriage-maker, William Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
1913 – 1000s of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
1915 – US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years
1919 – American Legion incorporated by an act of Congress
1922 – Turkish troops chase Greeks out of Asia
1928 – Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
1947 – Typhoon Kathleen hit Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River erea, at least 1,930 killed.
1950 – Viet Minh-offensive against French bases in Vietnam
1959 – French President Charles de Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination
1963 – “Outer Limits” premieres on ABC-TV
1970 – King Hussein of Jordan forms military government
1974 – Pres Ford announces conditional amnesty for US Vietnam War deserters
1975 – Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
1978 – 25,000 die in 7.7 earthquake in Tabar Iran
1982 – Massacre of 1000+ Palestinian refugees at Chatila & Sabra begins
1991 – US trial of Panamanian leader Noriega begins