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Calendar day; November 19, 2015

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Thursday, the 19th of November, 2015 is the 323th day in 2015 and in the 47th calendar week.
General Events:
World Philosophy Day
November 19, 2015 in the World
World Philosophy Day is celebrated on November 19, 2015. World Philosophy Day was proclaimed by UNESCO to be celebrated every thirdThursday of November. It was first celebrated on 21 November 2002. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. In more casual speech, by extension, “philosophy” can refer to “the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group”.
The word “philosophy” comes from the Ancient Greek “philosophia”, which literally means “love of wisdom”. The introduction of the terms “philosopher” and “philosophy” has been ascribed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras. Philosophy is divided into many sub-fields. These include epistemology, logic, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics.
Where is World Philosophy Day?
Worldwide
World Toilet Day
November 19, 2015 in the World
World Toilet Day takes place on November 19, 2015. This international day of action aims to break the taboo around toilets and draw attention to the global sanitation challenge. 2.5 billion people do not have access to a clean and safe toilet.
In 2001, the World Toilet Organization declared its founding day, 19 November, as World Toilet Day. Since then, 19 November has been observed globally by its member organizations. The World Toilet Organization is a global non-profit organization committed to improving toilet and sanitation conditions worldwide. WTO focuses on toilets instead of water, which receives more attention and resources under the common subject of sanitation.
A toilet is a sanitation fixture used primarily for the disposal of human excrement and urine, often found in a small room referred to as a toilet/bathroom/lavatory. Diseases, including cholera which still affects some 3 million people each year, can be largely prevented when effective sanitation and water treatment prevents fecal matter from contaminating waterways, groundwater and drinking water supplies. Infected water supplies can be treated to make the water safe for consumption and use.
According to The Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 by the World Health Organization, 40% of the global population does not have access to “good” “excreta disposal facilities”—they live mostly in Asia and Africa. There are efforts being made to design simple effective squat toilets for these people.
Where is World Toilet Day?
Worldwide
International Men’s Day
November 19, 2015 in the World
International Men’s Day takes place on November 19, 2015. International Men’s Day (IMD) is an annual international event which is celebrated in over 60 countries. Inaugurated in 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago, the day and its events find support from a variety of individuals and groups in Australia, the Caribbean, North America, Asia, Europe and Africa.
The objectives of celebrating an International Men’s Day include focusing on men’s and boys’ health, improving gender relations, promoting gender equality, and highlighting positive male role models. It is an occasion to highlight discrimination against men and boys and to celebrate their achievements and contributions, in particular for their contributions to community, family, marriage, and child care. The broader and ultimate aim of the event is to promote basic humanitarian values. According to its creators, International Men’s Day is a time to promote positive aspects of male identity based on the premise that ‘males of all ages respond more energetically to positive role models than they do to negative gender stereotyping’.
During past years the method of commemorating International Men’s Day included public seminars, classroom activities at schools, radio and television programs, peaceful displays and marches, debates, panel discussions, award ceremonies, and art displays. The manner of observing this annual day is optional, and any appropriate forums can be used.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Children’s Grief Awareness Day
November 19, 2015 in the World
Ceated in 2008 by the Highmark Caring Place, A Center for Grieving Children, Adolescents and Their Families, and since recognized by organizations around the world, Children’s Grief Awareness Day is observed every year on the third Thursday in November.
Before they graduate from high school, one child out of every 20 children will have a parent die—and that number doesn’t include those who experience the death of a brother or sister, a close grandparent, an aunt or uncle, or friend.
Children’s Grief Awareness Day seeks to bring attention to the fact that often support can make all the difference in the life of a grieving child. It provides an opportunity for all of us to raise awareness of the painful impact that the death of a loved one has in the life of a child, an opportunity to make sure that these children receive the support they need.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Great American Smokeout
November 19, 2015 in the USA
Great American Smokeout takes place on November 19, 2015. The Great American Smokeout is an annual social engineering event on the thirdThursday of November by the American Cancer Society. The event encourages Americans to stop tobacco smoking. The event challenges people to stop smoking cigarettes for 24 hours, hoping their decision not to smoke will last forever. The first Great American Smokeout was held in San Francisco’s Union Square on November 16, 1977. The event evolved from a series of smaller-scale initiatives. In 1970, in Randolph, Massachusetts, Arthur P. Mullaney suggested people give up cigarettes for a day and donate the money to a local high school. In 1974, a “Don’t Smoke Day” (or “D-Day”) was promoted by Lynn R. Smith of the Monticello Times in Monticello, Minnesota. On November 18, 1976, the California Division of the American Cancer Society successfully prompted nearly one million smokers to quit for the day. That California event marked the first Smokeout.
Where is Great American Smokeout?
Nationwide USA
Prince Rainier Day
November 19, 2015 in Monaco
Prince Rainier Day is celebrated on November 19, 2015. Prince Rainier Day is celebrated annually in Monaco on the anniversary of the November 19, 1949 coronation of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco.
Where is Prince Rainier Day?
Nationwide Monaco
Day of Missile Forces and Artillery
November 19, 2015 in Russia and Belorussia
Day of Missile Forces and Artillery is observed on November 19, 2015. Day of Missile Forces and Artillery is a holiday celebrated in Russia and Belorussia. The holiday was first established by a Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union decree on 21 October 1944 as Artillery day of Red Army. The date was chosen because Red Army started a successful counter-attack in Stalingrad battle (Operation Uranus) on 19 November 1942, with much help from artillery of the Red Army. Since 1964, the holiday bears its present name. In modern Russia, the holiday has a status of memorable day.
Where is Day of Missile Forces and Artillery?
Nationwide Russia and Belorussia
Historical Events on 19th November:
1493 – Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage
1620 – Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast
1700 – Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII defeats Russians
1824 – Storm causes St Petersburg flood, killing 10,000
1863 – US President Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; “Four score & seven years ago…”
1895 – Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
1911 – NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy
1933 – Women allowed to vote in Spain
1949 – Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco
1962 – Fidel Castro accepts removal of Soviet weapons
1967 – The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel
1996 – The 12.9 km Confederation Bridge, joining Borden-Carleton, Prince Edward Island and Cape Jourimain, New-Brunswick is completed and becomes the longest bridge over ice covered waters in the world
1997 – In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They would go on to become the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2007

 

Calendar day; November 20, 2014

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Thursday, the 20th of November, 2014 is the 324th day in 2014 and in the 47th calendar week.
General Events:
Universal Children’s Day
November 20, 2014 in the World
Universal Children’s Day takes place on November 20, 2014. First proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world’s children. It was also chosen as the day to celebrate childhood and is celebrated annually.
November 20 is also the anniversary of the day when the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959. The Convention on the Rights of the Child was then signed on the same day in 1989, which has since been ratified by 191 states. Universal Children’s Day is preceded by International Men’s Day on November 19 creating a 48 hour celebration of men and children respectively during which time the positive roles men play in children’s lives are recognized.
The legal definition of “child” generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority. “Child” may also describe a relationship with a parent, such as sons and daughters of any age.
Universal Children’s Day: http://www.un.org/en/events/childrenday/
Where is Universal Children’s Day?
Worldwide
World Philosophy Day
November 20, 2014 in the World
World Philosophy Day is celebrated on November 20, 2014. World Philosophy Day was proclaimed by UNESCO to be celebrated every third Thursdayof November. It was first celebrated on 21 November 2002. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. In more casual speech, by extension, “philosophy” can refer to “the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group”.
The word “philosophy” comes from the Ancient Greek “philosophia”, which literally means “love of wisdom”. The introduction of the terms “philosopher” and “philosophy” has been ascribed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras. Philosophy is divided into many sub-fields. These include epistemology, logic, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics.
Where is World Philosophy Day?
Worldwide
Transgender Day of Remembrance
November 20, 2014 in the World
Transgender Day of Remembrance takes place on November 20, 2014. Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR) is a day to memorialize those who have been killed as a result of transphobia, or the hatred or fear of transgender and gender non-conforming people, and acts to bring attention to the continued violence endured by the transgender community. The Transgender Day of Remembrance was founded in 1998 by Gwendolyn Ann Smith, a transgender graphic designer, columnist, and activist, to memorialize the murder of Rita Hester in Allston, Massachusetts. Since its inception, TDoR has been held annually on 20 November, and has slowly evolved from the web-based project started by Smith into an international day of action. Typically, a TDoR memorial includes a reading of the names of those who lost their lives during the previous year and may include other actions, such as candlelight vigils, art shows, food drives, film screenings, marches, among others. The Transgender Day of Remembrance is the culmination of Transgender Awareness Week.
Where is Transgender Day of Remembrance?
Worldwide
Black Awareness Day
November 20, 2014 in Brazil
Black Awareness Day takes place on November 20, 2014. The Day of Black Awareness (“Dia da Consciência Negra” in Portuguese) is celebrated annually in Brazil. It is a day on which to reflect upon the injustices of slavery and to celebrate the contributions to society and to the nation by Brazilian citizens of African descent. It takes place during the Week of Black Awareness. The day is marked on the anniversary of the death of Zumbi dos Palmares (1655–1695), the last leader of the Quilombo dos Palmares. Members of the organization “Black Movement” organize educational and fun events involving mainly children of African descent. Their focus during these events is to dissolve the perception of Africans’ inferiority in society. Other “hot topics” in the black community during the Day of Black Awareness are the assimilation of African-Brazilian laborers with Caucasian-Brazilian and other laborers, ethnic identity, and black pride. Black Awareness Day has been celebrated since the 1960s and has only amplified its events in the last few years. Black Awareness Day used to be celebrated on 13th of May (the date of abolition of slavery in Brazil). However, Afro-Brazilians asked to change it to 20 of November to honor Zumbi’s death.
Where is Black Awareness Day?
Nationwide Brazil
Great American Smokeout
November 20, 2014 in the USA
Great American Smokeout takes place on November 20, 2014. The Great American Smokeout is an annual social engineering event on the thirdThursday of November by the American Cancer Society. The event encourages Americans to stop tobacco smoking. The event challenges people to stop smoking cigarettes for 24 hours, hoping their decision not to smoke will last forever. The first Great American Smokeout was held in San Francisco’s Union Square on November 16, 1977. The event evolved from a series of smaller-scale initiatives. In 1970, in Randolph, Massachusetts, Arthur P. Mullaney suggested people give up cigarettes for a day and donate the money to a local high school. In 1974, a “Don’t Smoke Day” (or “D-Day”) was promoted by Lynn R. Smith of the Monticello Times in Monticello, Minnesota. On November 18, 1976, the California Division of the American Cancer Society successfully prompted nearly one million smokers to quit for the day. That California event marked the first Smokeout.
Where is Great American Smokeout?
Nationwide USA
20-N 2014
November 20, 2014 in Spain
20-N is observed on November 20, 2014. 20-N is a symbolic abbreviation used to denote the date of death of two of the best known and controversial figures in 20th-century Spanish history. The first date, 20 November 1936, near the end of the first year of the Spanish Civil War, marks the execution in Alicante of 33-year-old José Antonio Primo de Rivera, the founder of the nationalist party, Falange Española, who became extolled as a cult figure during the years of post-Civil War Estado Español led by Francisco Franco. The second date, 39 years later, is 20 November 1975, when Generalissimo Franco himself – aged 82, and having ruled Spain for close to four decades as its caudillo (Spanish for leader) – died following a lengthy illness. The date continues to be commemorated by far-right groups which mark it by organizing public demonstrations.
Where is 20-N?
Nationwide Spain
National Absurdity Day
November 20, 2014 in the USA
This day was created as a day to recall and note some of the totally and absolutely absurd things in history, in our country and in our lives.
National Absurdity Day is also a day to have fun and do crazy, zany and absurd things.  Everyone has an excuse today to let the absurd antics that are hidden inside of them out.   You can do things that you have wanted to do that make absolutely no sense at all and it will be okay because you will be celebrating National Absurdity Day.
**My recomendation: celebrate National Absurdity Day with a screening of Ed Wood’s hilariously inept ‘Plan 9 From Outer Space,’ a sci-fi thriller about aliens who devise a plan to raise the dead in order to stop humanity from creating a doomsday weapon.
Where is National Absurdity Day?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 20th November:
762 – Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire.
1695 – Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed.
1815 – 2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.
1815 – Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance “for the maintenance of peace in Europe” same day as Treaty of Paris
1888 – Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
1894 – US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
1917 – First successful tank use in battle (Britain breaks through German lines) at Battle of Cambrai WWI
1917 – Ukrainian Republic declared
1931 – Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
1945 – 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
1949 – Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
1959 – UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children’s Rights
1962 – USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade
1966 – Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
1970 – UN General Assembly accepts membership of China PR
1974 – The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T
1977 – Egyptian Pres Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset
1981 – Burundia adopts its constitution
1983 – 100 million watch ABC-TV movie “Day After” about nuclear war
1984 – McDonald’s made its 50 billionth hamburger
1986 – World Health Organisation announces first global effort to combat AIDS
1995 – Diana, Pricess of Wales, admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview
1997 – Yohannes Haile-Selassie discovers the partial skull of a 2.5 million year old human ancestor, confirming and establishing the new species Australopithecus garhi, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia
1998 – A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden “a man without a sin” in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
1998 – The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.

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