Calendar day; September 22, 2015

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Tuesday, the 22nd of September, 2015 is the 265th day in 2015 and in the 39th calendar week.
General Events:
Elephant Appreciation Day
September 22, 2015 in the World
Elephant Appreciation Day is celebrated on September 22, 2015. Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae. Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Southeast Asia. The largest living terrestrial animals, male African elephants can reach a height of 4 m (13 ft) and weigh 7,000 kg (15,000 lb). These animals have several distinctive features, including a long proboscis or trunk used for many purposes, particularly for grasping objects.
African elephants are listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), while the Asian elephant is classed as endangered. One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks. Other threats to wild elephants include habitat destruction and conflicts with local people. Elephants are used as working animals in Asia. In the past they were used in war; today, they are often put on display in zoos and circuses. Elephants are highly recognisable and have been featured in art, folklore, religion, literature and popular culture.
Elephants exhibit mirror self-recognition, an indication of self-awareness and cognition that has also been demonstrated in some apes and dolphins. Elephants are popularly thought of as having an excellent memory. This could have a factual basis; they possibly have cognitive maps to allow them to remember large-scale spaces over long periods of time. Individuals appear to be able to keep track of the current location of their family members. Scientists debate the extent to which elephants feel emotion. They appear to show interest in the bones of their own kind, regardless of whether they are related.
Where is the event?
Hobbit Day 2015
September 22, 2015 in the World
Hobbit Day is the birthday of the hobbits Bilbo and Frodo Baggins, two fictional characters in J. R. R. Tolkien’s popular set of books The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. In the books both Bilbo and Frodo were said to be born on September 22nd, but of different years. Bilbo was born in the year of 2890 and Frodo in the year of 2968 in the Third Age (1290 and 1368 respectively in Shire-Reckoning.)
The American Tolkien Society first proclaimed Hobbit Day and Tolkien Week in 1978, and defines them as this: “Tolkien Week is observed as the calendar week containing September 22, which is always observed as Hobbit Day”, but acknowledges that Hobbit Day pre-dates their designation.
Due to the discrepancies between the Shire calendar and the Gregorian calendar there is some debate about when to celebrate Hobbit Day, since the actual birthday would be between September 12 and 14 the Gregorian calendar, as explained in the appendices of The Lord of the Rings.
The Fellowship of the Ring opened with a celebration of Bilbo’s birthday. It was a large party with food, fireworks, dancing and much merriment. Some Tolkien fans celebrate with having parties and feasts emulating the hobbit’s parties. Other fans celebrate by simply going barefooted in honour of the hobbits, who don’t wear shoes.
Some schools and libraries use this as an opportunity to pique interest in Tolkien’s work by putting up displays and hosting events.
Where is the event?
World Car Free Day
September 22, 2015 in the World
World Car Free Day is celebrated on September 22, 2015. A Car-Free Day encourages motorists to give up their cars for a day. Organized events are held in some cities and countries. The event promotes improvement of mass transit, cycling and walking, and the development of communities where jobs are closer to home and where shopping is within walking distance. The events, which vary by location, give motorists and commuterists an idea of their locality with fewer cars.
The 1994 Car Free Day Call set out a challenge for a city, neighborhood or group: Spend one carefully prepared day without cars, study and observe closely what exactly goes on during that day and reflect publicly and collectively on the lessons of this experience and on what might be prudently and creatively done next to build on these. Car-Free days are held in many U.S. cities, in Europe and in Japan.
Where is the event?
OneWebDay 2015
September 22, 2015 in the World
OneWebDay is an annual day of Internet celebration and awareness held on September 22. The stated goal of founder Susan P. Crawford is for OneWebDay to foster and make visible a global constituency that cares about the future of the Internet.
The first OneWebDay was held on September 22, 2006. The idea was created by Susan P. Crawford, who was an ICANN board member at the time, in association with other Internet figures such as Doc Searls, David Weinberger, David R. Johnson, Mary Hodder, and David Isenberg, who would all join the board of what would eventually become OneWebDay Inc. A website was established and a global network of events promoted. By 2008 OneWebDay had grown to more than 30 international events.[
Where is the event?
American Business Women’s Day
September 22, 2015 in the USA
American Business Women’s Day is observed on September 22, 2015. American Business Women’s Day is an American holiday. September 22 marks the 1949 founding date of the American Business Women’s Association, the mission of which is “to bring together businesswomen of diverse occupations and to provide opportunities for them to help themselves and others grow personally and professionally through leadership; education, networking support and national recognition”. This holiday was recognized in 1983 and 1986 by Congressional resolution and a proclamation issued by President Ronald Reagan. It commemorates the important legacy and contributions of the more than 68 million American working women and 7.7 million women business owners.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 22nd September:
1499 – Switzerland became an independent state
1692 – Last (8) people hanged for witchcraft in US (Salem Mass) 20 hanged overall
1699 – People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
1784 – Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, AK
1792 – French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping French King of his powers
1877 – Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools
1903 – Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
1908 – Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
1946 – Evelyn Dick charged with butchering husband
1960 – Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France
1964 – “Man from U.N.C.L.E,” premieres on NBC-TV
1980 – Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway
1986 – 35 countries signs disarmament accord in Stockholm
2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon


Calendar day; September 14, 2015

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 Monday, the 14th of September, 2015 is the 257th day in 2015 and in the 38th calendar week.
General Events:
Engineer’s Day in Romania
September 14, 2015 in Romania
All Romanian engineers annually celebrate their professional holiday, known as Engineer’s Day, on September 14. This holiday was officially established in 2000.
In 2000, the government of Romania designated September 14 to be a special day, honoring the hard work that engineers do to build nation and modernize the regions of Romania. Every year special events and festive ceremonies are organized by the Ministry of Education and Research in cooperation with the Technical Academy, th? association of engineers, to celebrate the holiday. These events are usually held in the form of a symbolic meeting.
Profession of the engineer has a rich history and long-running traditions in Romania. On June 15, 1894 the first Technical Corps were founded in Romania and they gave birth to the current profession. The first long-running society of engineers, Polytechnic Society, was established in 1881 in the presence of King Carol I, who inaugurated the first railroad running from Buzau to Mara?e?ti. This was the first railroad build by Romanian engineers only.
Where is the event?
Nationwide Romania
Rosh Hashanah 2015
September 14, 2015 in the World
Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year and takes place on September 14, 2015. Translated it means “head of the year” and it is the first of the High Holy Days which usually occur in the early autumn of the Northern Hemisphere. Rosh Hashanah is a two day celebration which begins on the first day of Tishrei, the first month of the Jewish calendar. The day is believed to be the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, and their first actions toward the realization of mankind’s role in God’s world.
Rosh Hashanah customs include sounding the shofar and eating symbolic foods such as apples dipped in honey. The common greeting on Rosh Hashanah is “Shanah Tovah.” In Jewish liturgy, Rosh Hashanah leads to Yom Kippur, which is described as “the day of judgment” and “the day of remembrance”. Rosh Hashanah occurs 163 days after the first day of Passover (Pesach). The earliest date on which Rosh Hashanah can fall is September 5, the latest date that Rosh Hashanah can occur relative to the Gregorian dates is October 5.
The High Holidays or High Holy Days, in Judaism, more properly known as the Yamim Noraim may mean strictly, the holidays of Rosh Hashanah (“Jewish New Year”) and Yom Kippur (“Day of Atonement”) or by extension, the period of ten days including those holidays, known also as the Ten Days of Repentance (Aseret Yemei Teshuvah). By a further extension, the entire 40-day penitential period in the Jewish year from Rosh Chodesh Elul to Yom Kippur can be meant.
Where is Rosh Hashanah?
National Cream-Filled Donut Day
September 14, 2015 in the USA
Whether you enjoy chocolate, vanilla, lemon or ganache filling in your donut, today is the perfect day to enjoy these sweet treats!
Donuts came to the United States in the mid-1800s through Dutch settlers that were known for their pastries. The first donut with a hole in the middle is said to be a creation of American Hansen Gregory. Thankfully, someone after Hansen made the brilliant decision to fill that hole with delicious cream filling! These were so well-liked that the Boston Creme Donut, perhaps one of the most popular cream filled donuts, became the official donut of Massachusetts in 2003.
Celebrate National Cream Filled Donut Day with a stop at your local bakery for a box of fresh cream filled donuts!
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 14th September
1180 – Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan
1716 – 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit (Boston Harbor)
1741 – George Frideric Handel finishes “Messiah” oratorio, after working on it non-stop for 23 days
1752 – Britain (and American colonies) adopt Gregorian calendar (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
1854 – Allied armies, including those of Britain & France, land in Crimea
1868 – Golf’s 1st recorded hole-in-one (Tom Morris at Prestwick’s 8th hole)
1926 – Guido Companions birthplace as a museum opens
1948 – Ground breaking ceremony for UN world headquarters
1953 – Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov
1956 – 1st prefrontal lobotomy performed, Washington, D.C.
1960 – Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia & Venezuela form Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
1969 – Male voters of Swiss kanton Schaffhausen rejects female suffrage
1998 – Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.


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