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Calendar day; November 11, 2015

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 Wednesday, the 11th of November, 2015 is the 315th day in 2015 and in the 46th calendar week.
General Events:
Armistice Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in the World
The Armistice Day is celebrated on November 11, 2015. It is a day to commemorate the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany for the cessation of hostilities on the West Front. The day, which overlaps with Remembrance Day, is celebrated annually. The day was specifically dedicated by King George V on 7 November 1919 as a day of remembrance for members of the armed forces who were killed during World War I.
After World War II, the name of the holiday was changed to Veterans Day in the United States and to Remembrance Day in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields”. These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their brilliant red color an appropriate symbol for the blood spilled in the war.
In many parts of the world, people observe two consecutive minutes moment of silence at 11 a.m. local time as a sign of respect in the first minute for the roughly 20 million people who died in the war, and in the second minute dedicated to the living left behind. This gesture of respect was suggested by Edward George Honey in a letter to a British newspaper.
Where is Armistice Day?
Worldwide
Veterans Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in the USA
Veterans Day is an annual American holiday honoring military veterans. A federal holiday, it is usually observed on November 11. However, if it occurs on a Sunday then the following Monday is designated for holiday leave, and if it occurs Saturday then either Saturday or Friday may be so designated.
It is also celebrated as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, falling on November 11, the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice.)
The holiday is commonly printed as Veteran’s Day or Veterans’ Day in calendars and advertisements. While these spellings are grammatically acceptable, the United States government has declared that the attributive (no apostrophe) rather than the possessive case is the official spelling.
Where is Veterans Day?
Nationwide USA
Remembrance Day
November 11, 2015 in Commonwealth of Nations
Remembrance Day is observed on November 11, 2015. Remembrance Day (also known as Poppy Day or Armistice Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth countries since the end of World War I to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty. This day, or alternative dates, are also recognised as special days for war remembrances in many non-Commonwealth countries. Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November to recall the end of hostilities of World War I on that date in 1918. Hostilities formally ended “at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month,” in accordance with the Armistice, signed by representatives of Germany and the Entente between 5:12 and 5:20 that morning. (“At the 11th hour” refers to the passing of the 11th hour, or 11:00 am) World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919.
The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields”. These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I; their brilliant red colour became a symbol for the blood spilled in the war.
The common British, Canadian, South African, and ANZAC tradition includes a one or two minute silence at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month (11:00 am, 11 November), as that marks the time (in the United Kingdom) when the armistice became effective.
Where is Remembrance Day?
Nationwide Commonwealth of Nations
Independence Day
November 11, 2015 in Angola
Independence Day in Angola is celebrated on November 11. This national holiday commemorates Angola’s independence from Portugal in 1975.
The armed struggle for Angolan independence began in 1961. It is known as the Portuguese Colonial War or the War of Liberation (in the former Portuguese colonies). The main protagonists in this struggle were the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), and National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).
In 1974, a military coup known as the Carnation Revolution took place in Portugal. The new government put an end to war by agreeing to recognize the independence of its colonies. On November 11, 1975, the MPLA took control of the capital city of Luanda and declared the independence of Angola.
Angola’s Independence Day is a public holiday widely celebrated throughout the country. It is marked with formal speeches, solemn ceremonies, parades, concerts and other festive events and activities.
Where is Independence Day?
Nationwide Angola
Diwali 2015
November 11, 2015 in India/World
Diwali (or Deepawali, the “festival of lights”) is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in autumn (northern hemisphere) or spring (southern hemisphere) every year. Diwali is one of the largest and brightest festivals in India. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of good over evil. The preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali falls between mid-October and mid-November.
Diwali is an important festival for Hindus. The name of festive days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India. In many parts of India, the festivities start with Dhanteras (in Northern & Western part of India), followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on second day, Deepavali on the third day, Diwali Padva dedicated to wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhau-beej dedicated to sister–brother bond on the fifth day. Dhanteras usually falls eighteen days after Dussehra.
On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival of lights to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas and some Buddhists also celebrate Diwali remembering Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism. Diwali is an official holiday in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore and Fiji.
Where is Diwali 2015?
Nationwide India/World
Singles Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in China
Singles Day, One’s Day or Guang Gun Jie is a Chinese pop culture holiday held on November 11, 2015 for people who are living the single life. For breakfast on Singles’ Day, singles often eat four Youtiao (deep-fried dough sticks) representing the four “ones” in “11.11” and one Baozi (steamed stuffed bun) representing the middle dot. The main way to celebrate Singles’ Day is to have dinner with your single friends, but it’s important that each person pay their own way to show their independence. Some send short messages or e-mails to their single friends to deliver their best wishes.
Not every single is happy on this day. They may tease themselves for being still single. Some prefer to watch movies in a theatre. Some schools of a university would put forward a special program to gather singles together for celebration. In recent years, there has been more social attention to this holiday. For example, Taobaoshangcheng gives a up to 70% discount on this day. There are many activities on the Internet to help singles find a mate.
Some singles also choose to say goodbye to their single lives on this day: many attend ‘blind date’ parties and many people choose to marry on this day. In addition to meaning ‘single,’ the four ‘ones’ of the date can also mean ‘only one’ as in ‘the only one for me.’ Some people will use this date and this meaning to tell their special someone that they are the only ‘one’ in their heart.
Where is Singles Day?
Nationwide China
World Origami Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in the World
The folded paper crane is an international symbol of peace. However, there’s a lot more to origami than simple birds, you can fold a flower, butterfly, angel, dragon and more intricate origami designs. Origami Day is all about promoting the art of paper folding and showcasing incredible creations.
Origami comes from the two words /ori/ meaning folding and /kami/ meaning paper. It is the Japanese art of paper folding. Origami started in Japan in the 1700s and became popular outside Japan in mid-1900.
But the origin of Origami is not in Japan, although the most extensive tradition of Origami exists there. There is evidence of paperfolding tradition in other countries like China, Germany, Spain and Italy.
Celebrate Origami Day by folding simple designs like the popular crane to complicated ones like superhero origami.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Natural events:
November New Moon
November 11, 2015 in EST Eastern Standard Time / UTC-05
On November 11, 2015 the moon reaches its minimum brightness. Therefore it is called new moon. In astronomical terminology, the phrase new moon is the lunar phase that occurs when the Moon, in its monthly orbital motion around Earth, lies between Earth and the Sun, and is therefore in conjunction with the Sun as seen from Earth. At this time, the dark (unilluminated) portion of the Moon faces almost directly toward Earth, so that the Moon is not visible to the naked eye.
The original meaning of the phrase new moon was the first visible crescent of the Moon, after conjunction with the Sun. This takes place over the western horizon in a brief period between sunset and moonset, and therefore the precise time and even the date of the appearance of the new moon by this definition will be influenced by the geographical location of the observer. The astronomical new moon, sometimes known as the dark moon to avoid confusion, occurs by definition at the moment of conjunction in ecliptic longitude with the Sun, when the Moon is invisible from the Earth. This moment is unique and does not depend on location, and under certain circumstances it is coincident with a solar eclipse.
Where is November New Moon?
Eastcoast (North America)
EST Eastern Standard Time / UTC-05
Historical Events on 11th November:
308 – The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul
1634 – Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes “An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery”
1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used
1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
1775 – Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war
1790 – Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China
1880 – Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
1887 – Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies (b. 1855), Albert Parsons (b. 1848), Adolph Fischer (b. 1858) and George Engel (b. 1836) are executed
1911 – Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
1918 – Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect, WW I hostilities end at 11.00 am
1920 – The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, at at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
1921 – President Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery
1925 – Robert A. Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays
1954 – Publication of “Two Towers” 2nd volume of “Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London
1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait
1965 – Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian Smith
1975 – Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
1988 – Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science
1992 – The Church of England approves the ordination of female priests
1999 – Last upside down date until January 1, 6000
2000 – In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel
2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington
2004 – The death of Yasser Arafat is confirmed by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
2006 – The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army

 

Calendar day; September 30, 2015

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Wednesday, the 30th of September, 2015 is the 273th day in 2015 and in the 40th calendar week.
General Events:
International Translation Day
September 30, 2015 in the World
International Translation Day is observed on September 30, 2015. International Translation Day is celebrated every year on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators. The celebrations have been promoted by FIT (the International Federation of Translators) ever since it was set up in 1953.
In 1991 FIT launched the idea of an officially recognised International Translation Day to show solidarity of the worldwide translation community in an effort to promote the translation profession in different countries. This is an opportunity to display pride in a profession that is becoming increasingly essential in the era of progressing globalisation.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. A competent translator is not only bilingual but bicultural. A language is not merely a collection of words and of rules of grammar and syntax for generating sentences, but also a vast interconnecting system of connotations and cultural references whose mastery comes close to being a lifetime job.
Where is Translation Day?
Worldwide
Botswana Day
September 30, 2015 in Botswana
Botswana became independent from Great Britain on September 30, 1966. Since 1885, the region had been a British colony called the Bechuanaland Protectorate. The biggest Independence Day festivities are held in the capital city of Gaberones, and includes the singing of the national anthem, “Fatshe La Rona” (Blessed Country).
In 1964, the UK accepted proposals for self-government in Botswana. A new constitution adopted in 1965 paved the way for the first general elections, resulting in independence on 30 September 1966.
Where is Botswana Day?
Nationwide Botswana
Blasphemy Day 2015
September 30, 2015 in the World
Blasphemy Day is observed on September 30, 2015. Blasphemy Rights Day International is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to openly express their criticism of, or even disdain for, religion. It was founded in 2009 by the Center for Inquiry. A student contacted the Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York to present the idea, which CFI put its support behind. Ronald Lindsay, president and CEO of the Center for Inquiry said regarding Blasphemy Day, “We think religious beliefs should be subject to examination and criticism just as political beliefs are, but we have a taboo on religion,” in an interview with CNN. The day was set on September 30, to coincide with the anniversary of the publication of satirical drawings of Muhammad in one of Denmark’s newspapers, resulting in the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy.
Where is Blasphemy Day?
Worldwide
National Women’s Health & Fitness Day
September 30, 2015 in the USA
Women’s Health & Fitness Day is the nation’s largest annual health promotion event for women of all ages. This year’s event is set for Wednesday, September 30, 2015, and in future years, is always held on the last Wednesday in September. This unique national program — with participation by local organizations throughout the U.S. — focuses attention on the importance of regular physical activity and health awareness for women. The event is similar in concept to its “sister” event — National Senior Health & Fitness Day — the nation’s largest older adult health promotion program held every May. Women’s Health & Fitness Day will also be part of a new National Women’s Health & Fitness Week, held annually the last week in September.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
National Mud Pack Day
September 30, 2015 in the USA
National Mud Pack Day takes place on September 30, 2015. A mud pack is an application of mud to the skin of the face for cosmetic purposes. The perceived effects of a facial mask treatment include revitalizing, healing, or refreshing; and, may yield temporary or long-term benefits depending on environmental, dietary, and other skincare factors.
Masks are removed by either rinsing the face with water, wiping if off with a damp cloth, or peeling off of the face by hand. Duration for wearing a mask varies with the type of mask, and manufacturer’s usage instructions. The time can range from a few minutes to overnight. Those with sensitive skin are advised to first test out the mask on a small portion of the skin, in order to check for any irritations.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 30th September:
1520 – Suleiman I (the Magnificent) succeeds his father Selam I as Sultan of Turkey (rules till 1566)
1619 – Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp
1659 – Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
1791 – The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots
1841 – Samuel Slocum patented the stapler
1846 – Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
1867 – Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
1878 – Great Flood hits New Zealand’s South Island
1888 – “Jack the Ripper” murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
1906 – Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana
1931 – Start of “Die Voortrekkers” youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa
1938 – Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
1939 – Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
1946 – 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg
1958 – French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea
1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers
1966 – Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1986 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome, Italy
1989 – Senegambia separates back into Gambia & Senegal
1993 – 6.4 earthquake at Latur, India, 28,000 killed
1999 – Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo
2004 – The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo
2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten
2006 – the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia

 

Calendar day; August 27, 2015

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Thursday, the 27th of August, 2015 is the 239th day in 2015 and in the 35th calendar week.
General Events:
Independence Day of the Republic of Moldova
August 27, 2015 in Republic of Moldova
Independence Day of the Republic of Moldova is observed on August 27, 2015. Independence Day is the national day of Moldova commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on August 27, 1991. In the Republic of Moldova, most retail businesses close on Independence Day and New Year’s Day, but remain open on all other holidays.
Where is Independence Day of the Republic of Moldova?
Nationwide Republic of Moldova
“The Duchess” Who Wasn’t Day
August 27, 2015 in the World
“The Duchess” Who Wasn’t Day celebrates the life of Margaret Wolfe Hungerford, an irish novelist who was always published under the pen name “The Duchess” in the United States – also the name of her most popular novel, published in 1887. Margaret is responsible for the popular phrase “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder”, in her book Molly Bawn, so try and slip it into conversation!
t is unclear why August 27 was chosen by the unknown creators of this unofficial holidays to honor Hungerford, but some people speculate that the day is called the Duchess Who Wasn’t Day because of the anonymity in which Hungerford spent her life as a writer. History is full of women writers who spent their lives writing and publishing books and novels anonymously. This was because in the past, it was believed that women could not write. Books published under a female name were either rejected for publication or did not do well in the bookstores. This forced talented writers like Hungerford to publish under pen names or male sounding names.
In total, The Duchess had at least 57 works attributed to her name but could have written many, many more as a lot of her early work was published as Anonymous, and later as Mrs Hungerford, before “The Duchess” became popular in the States. She also wrote many newspaper articles and had a large family – four daughters and two sons.
Born on the 27th April 1855 in County Cork, she won prizes in school for writing stories. After the death of her first husband in 1876 The Duchess took to writing more seriously to support her three daughters, and it was shortly after this that her first book “Phyllis” was written, and a little later on “Molly Bawn”.
She remarried in 1882, had two sons and a daughter with her second husband and eventually died of typhoid fever in 1897.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Just Because Day
August 27, 2015 in the World
On August 27, 2015 is Just Because Day. Why? Just because! It is believed that it was founded in 2005 as a chance to do something without a rhyme or reason. Reason is the ability of the human mind to form and operate on concepts in abstraction, in an ordered and usually a goal-oriented manner. Often you do something because you have to, or you want to, or it’s expected of you. None of those applies today.
If you’ve ever wanted to act on a strange impulse but without any logical motivation to do so, normally you still don’t. But don’t let that stop you on Just Because Day! You could start with the first thing that comes to your mind. Maybe you think about buying something without a need, think about walking backwards or throwing spitballs on the floor. Just feel free to do this just because.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
National Pots de Creme Day
August 27, 2015 in the USA
This delicious French desert is a loose french custard dating back to the 17th century.  It’s name means “pot of custard” or “pot of creme” which is also referring to the white porcelain cups in which the dessert is traditionally served in.
Pot de creme is made by combining eggs, egg yolks, cream, milk and typically either vanilla or chocolate flavoring.  The mixture is baked, in the porcelain cups, in a water bath at a low temperature.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 27th August:
479 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan commander of the Greek army in the Battle of Plataea. Along the with the Greek victory on the same day in the Battle of Mycale, the Persian invasion of Greece is halted.
663 – Remnants of the Korean Baekje Kingdom and their Yamato Japanese allies engage naval forces of the Tang Chinese and Silla Koreans on the Geum River in Korea; – a significant Tang-Silla victory. Japanese won’t attempt another Korean invasion until late 16th century.
1601 – Olivier van Noort completes first Dutch exploration of new world
1610 – Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
1789 – French National Assembly issues “Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen”
1828 – Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
1883 – Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
1896 – Britain defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM9:40 AM)
1912 – Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes “Tarzan of the Apes”
1913 – Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact, 60 nations agree to outlaw war
1932 – International anti-war congress opens in Amsterdam
1939 – Erich Warsitz makes first jet-propelled flight (in a Heinkel He-178)
1939 – Heinkel He-178 makes first manned flight with rocket/jet propulsion
1950 – General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family as a communist
1955 – “Guinness Book of World Records” 1st published
1976 – Transsexual Renee Richards barred from competing in US Tennis Open
1983 – Haiti adopts constitution
1990 – Brewers-Blue Jays game is delayed 35 minutes due to gnats
1991 – Moldavia declares independence from USSR
1993 – The Rainbow Bridge connecting Tokyo’s Shibaura and the island of Odaiba is completed
2003 – Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km) distant
2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States

Calendar day; August 25, 2015

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Tuesday, the 25th of August, 2015 is the 237th day in 2015 and in the 35th calendar week.
General Events:
Uruguay Independence Day
August 25, 2015 in Uruguay
Known as ‘Día de la Independencia’, this holiday is Uruguay’s National Day and is always celebrated on 25 August and marks Uruguay’s independence from Brazil in 1825.
The region now known as Uruguay lay on the Eastern bank (‘Banda Oriental’) of the River Plate and had passed through English, Spanish, Portuguese and Brazilian control in a short period at the start of the nineteenth century. When Brazil gained its independence from Portugal in 1822., Banda Oriental had become a province of Brazil.
On 25 August 1825, following a short period of rebellion, Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil. This instigated the Argentina- Brazil War. The conflict lasted until August 1828, when the British negotiated a resolution that led to Brazil recognising Uruguay’s independence.
To mark the holiday, various patriotic ceremonies take place in Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay.
Where is Uruguay Independence Day?
Nationwide Uruguay
Liberation Day of Paris
August 25, 2015 in France
Liberation Day of Paris on August 25 is a very important day for the French. This day commemorates the liberation of Paris from German occupation.
Paris was occupied by Nazi Germany on June 22, 1940 since the signing of the Second Compiègne Armistice. Liberation of Paris began on August 19, 1944 with the uprising against the German garrison. The 2nd French Armored Division led by General Philippe Lecrec fought its way to Paris and seized Hôtel de Ville on the night of August 24. The next morning the 2nd French Armored Division and the 4th U.S. Infantry Division entered Paris. German garrison surrendered to the French and they assumed control of the city.
Liberation Day of Paris is not a public holiday in France, but at the same time this day is very important for the Parisians. Grand events are organized in the city on August 25. They remind the citizens about the importance of this date.
Where is this event?
Nationwide France
Soldier’s Day in Brazil
August 25, 2015 in Brazil
In Brazil, there are several commemorative days of the Armed Forces. One of them is Soldier’s Day (Dia do Soldado). It is celebrated on August 25 to commemorate the birthday of Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, an outstanding Brazilian marshal.
Luís Alves de Lima e Silva was born on August 25, 1803. In 1818, he was admitted into the Royal Military Academy in Rio de Janeiro. However, he never graduated, dropping out in 1821 and enlisting in the 1st Fusilier Battalion.
Luís Alves participated in the Brazilian War of Independence, the Cisplatine War, the Regamuffin War, the Platine War and quelled a number of rebellions in the Brazilian Empire. In 1840, Emperor Pedro II granted him the title of Baron of Caxias. The title commemorated his recapture of the town of Caxias from the rebels.
Caxias became commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Army in 1866, during the Paraguayan War. He also served three terms as Prime Minister of Brazil (in 1856-1857, 1861-1862 and 1875-1878). In 1869, Pedro II raised him to duke.
The birthday of Luís Alves de Lima e Silva was declared Soldier’s Day in 1925. The holiday focuses on honoring the Brazilian Army. On this day, Brazilian soldiers pay homage to Duke of Caxias who is regarded as a soldierly ideal and one of the greatest officers in the military history of Brazil.
Where is this event?
Nationwide Brazil
Day of Songun
August 25, 2015 in North Korea
Day of Songun is a North Korean public holiday celebrated on August 25. It was established in 2013 to honor the country’s “military first” policy that prioritizes the Korea People’s Army in the allocation of resources and state affairs.
The Songun era began on August 25, 1960 when Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il visited the Seoul 105th Guards Armored Division HQ in Pyongyang. After that, Kim Jong-il frequently visited various army installation across the country.
However, Songun was declared an official government policy only after Kim Il-sung’s death in 1994. Kim Jong-il introduced the Songun policy to win the support of the army, retain control over the government and consolidate power after his father’s death. Songun in fact replaced Juche as the central state ideology.
Songun grants the Korean People’s Army the primary position in the government and society of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, guiding both domestic policy and foreign relations. The military is positioned as the model for Korean society to emulate.
Where is Day of Songun?
Nationwide North Korea
Historical Events on 25th August:
325 – Council of Nicaea ends with adoption of the Nicene Creed establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity
1248 – The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht
1537 – The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed
1609 – Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
1718 – Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans, founded
1804 – Alice Meynell becomes 1st woman jockey (England)
1814 – British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books (War of 1812)
1825 – Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
1875 – Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
1894 – Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
1912 – The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded
1924 – International maritime treaty drawn
1932 – Amelia Earhart completes transcontinental flight
1940 – Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
1944 – Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday)
1944 – General De Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation
1952 – Puerto Rico becomes a US commonwealth
1967 – Paraguay accepts its constitution
1973 – Zambia adopts constitution
1979 – Somali adopts constitution
1988 – Serious fire destroys historic center of Lisbon
1989 – After 12-year, 4-billion-mile journey, Voyager 2 flies over cloudtops of Neptune & its moon Triton, sending back photographs of swamps
1990 – UN security council authorizes military action against Iraq
1991 – White-Russia declares its independence
1991 – Linux was born when Linus Torvalds sent off the email announcing his project to create a new operating system
1997 – Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill Berlin Wall policy
2003 – The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko)

 

IOTD *Special*

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made by moi for today’s IOTD. This is a screen cap from my fireworks app. All the pretty none of the annoying loud noises. 😉 Enjoy! Have a safe and happy holiday! xoxo

Calendar day; July 4, 2015

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 Saturday, the 4th of July, 2015 is the 185th day in 2015 and in the 27th calendar week.
General Events:
Independence Day
July 4, 2015 in the USA
The United States of America celebrate their history and their country on Independence Day, which takes place on July 04, 2015. This national day of the United States is commonly known as the Fourth of July. It is a federal holiday since 1941 and it commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, which was responsible for the independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. Independence Day is a huge celebration all over the country, including fireworks, concerts, parades, baseball games, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, political speeches, and various other public and private events. The day is also known as July Fourth.
On July 2nd, 1776 the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence. On July 4th its 56 delegates finally adopted the Declaration of Independence and thirteen colonies (Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Maryland, Massachusetts Bay, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, South Carolina, and Virginia) became the United States of America. Until today, 4th of July has been celebrated as the birth of American independence.
4th of July celebrates the history, government, and traditions of the United States and is an opportunity for a reunion of family and friends as schools are closed and the day is a holiday for almost everyone. All non-essential federal institutions are closed on Independence Day, too, as in 1938 the US Congress changed the day to be a paid federal holiday. The celebrations are also marked by patriotic displays: both decorations and clothing are colored white, red, and blue – like the colors of the American flag. If 4th of July takes place on a Friday or Monday, people may use the long weekend for short vacations or family gatherings.
One of the most popular cities to spend 4th of July may be New York City. Many people travel to Manhattan to get a look at the huge celebration with fireworks and star performances. Other “places to be” on 4th of July are Chicago (Lake Michigan), Boston (Charles River), San Francisco (Bay Area), Washington, D.C. (National Mall), St. Louis (Mississippi River), and San Diego (Mission Bay). If the holiday does not take place on a Friday, Saturday or Sunday, some fireworks displays and celebrations may take place during the following weekend.
Where is Independence Day?
Nationwide USA
Independence from Meat Day
July 4, 2015 in the World
Independence from Meat Day, originally created by the Vegetarian Awareness Network in Tennessee, has grown beyond its original US-only focus to being an international day for celebrating a meat-free diet and lifestyle.
Arguments for and against eating meat has raged for years, and while there has been many scientific studies published on the health benefits of a meat-free diet, many of these are inconclusive, given the huge variability on human diets both with and without meat. Also, many of the health risks posed by processed meat, for example, has more to do with the chemicals and fats introduced as part of the processing, than it has with the meat itself.
Much stronger arguments are made on moral grounds against the slaughter of animals for human consumption, and many great thinkers have made succinct arguments for a meat-free diet. In the words of outspoken vegetarian George Bernard Shaw, “Animals are my friends… and I don’t eat my friends.”
The fact of the matter is that, despite evolving as omnivores, the human mouth and gut is such that we don’t need meat in our diets. Our bodies can extract the necessary nutrients from a plant-based diet, as long as you take care to provide your body with good alternative sources of the proteins and other nutrients typically found in a meat-diet. Growing children require more protein in their diet than adults, so vegetarian children need to make extra sure they get all the required nutrients in sufficient doses.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
International Cherry Pit Spitting Championship
July 4, 2015 in the USA
Each July since 1974, hundreds of people from across the country and around the world gather for the International Cherry Pit Spitting Championship. The contest marks the beginning of the tart cherry harvest for southwest Michigan. Up until 1993, Rick Krause of Arizona held the world record with a spit of 72′ 7 1/2″. The current Guiness world record is 95′ 9 1/2″. In 1998, Brian Kraus, son of Rick Krause, spat 72′ 11″ to break his father’s North American record set in 1988. The qualification round is open to anyone of any age.
The Cherry Pit Spit began in 1974, when Herb Teichman, who, with his family, owns and operates Tree-Mendus Fruit and grows one of Michigan’s largest cherry crops, was looking for “something to do” with cherry pits. Growing from a neighborhood get-together to an international competition, the Cherry Pit Spit is recognized by the Guiness Book of World Records as an official competition. Herb Teichman notes: “It’s a nutritious sport and the most entertaining way to dispose of the pit after you’ve eaten the cherry….The Pit Spit’s persistent popularity is a global demonstration that healthy eating, deep breathing and physical exercise can be accomplished simultaneously, in public, with only a minimal loss of dignity.”
Official Cherry Pit-Spitting Handbook:  http://www.treemendus-fruit.com/pit-spit_handbook.htm
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 4th July:
1054 – Brightest known supernova SN 1054 (creates the Crab Nebula) 1st reported by Chinese astronomers
1187 – Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon
1453 – 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
1672 – States of Holland declares “Eternal Edict” void
1776 – US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain
1776 – According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the 2nd Continental Congress
1785 – James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1796 – 1st Independence Day celebration is held
1817 – Chief Engineer James Geddes begins construction on the Erie Canal, one of the first great engineering works in North America
1837 – Grand Junction Railway, the world’s first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool
1838 – Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: Mining pit floods during a rainstorm drowning 26 children, leads to the 1842 commission on the employment of children and women in mines which resulted in the banning of female and child labour underground
1855 – In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman’s book of poems, titled Leaves of Grass, is published
1862 – Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford
1865 – First edition of “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” is published
1868 – Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
1868 – In New Zealand, Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman and sailed for New Zealand; the fugitives landed at Whareongaonga six days later
1883 – Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr
1884 – Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris
1894 – Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
1902 – Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US president Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents
1906 – Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own ‘spheres of influence’ in that land
1920 – The provisional government of Siberia’s Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
1934 – Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb
1941 – Howard Florey & Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin
1946 – Philippines gains independence from US
1966 – Beatles attacked in Philippines after (unintentionally) insulting Imelda Marcos
1976 – Operation Entebbe – Israel rescues 229 Air France hostage passengers In Uganda (3 hostages die along with Ugandan soldiers and Israeli soldier)
1985 – Tinker Bell’s nightly flight begins
2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1

 

Calendar Day; June 25, 2014

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Wednesday, the 25th of June, 2014 is the 176th day in 2014 and in the 26th calendar week.
General Events:
World Vitiligo Day
June 25, 2014 in the World
World Vitiligo Day takes place on June 25, 2014. The World Vitiligo Day is an initiative aimed to build global awareness about vitiligo, a frequent and often disfiguring disease that can have significant negative psychosocial impact on patients, also because of numerous misconceptions still present in large parts of the world.
Vitiligo is an acquired disease characterized by skin depigmentation, due to destruction or malfunction of melanocytes (cells that produce melanin). It is present worldwide, and its prevalence in different countries ranges from less than 0.1% to more than 8% of general population (~1% in the United States and in Europe); thus, it can be estimated that approximately 100 million people in the world are affected.
Where is World Vitiligo Day?
Worldwide
Statehood Day of Croatia
June 25, 2014 in Croatia
Statehood Day of Croatia takes place on June 25, 2014. Statehood Day is a holiday that occurs every year in Croatia to celebrate the country’s 1991 declaration of independence from Yugoslavia. The Statehood Day is an official holiday, a day off work in Croatia. This holiday is not to be confused with Croatia’s Independence Day, which is marked each year on October 8.
Where is Statehood Day of Croatia?
Nationwide Croatia
Statehood Day of Slovenia
June 25, 2014 in Slovenia
Statehood Day of Slovenia is observed on June 25, 2014. Statehood Day is a holiday that occurs every year in Slovenia to commemorate the country’s declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Although the formal declaration of independence did not come until 26 June 1991, Statehood Day is considered to be June 25 since that was the date on which the initial acts regarding independence were passed and Slovenia became independent. Statehood Day is not to be confused with Slovenia’s Independence and Unity Day, which is celebrated each year on December 26.
Where is Statehood Day of Slovenia?
Nationwide Slovenia
National Log Cabin Day
June 25, 2014 in the USA
Log Cabin Day brings you back to a quieter, simpler, more rugged era. A couple hundred years ago, life was far more rugged. Americans moving West (west at the time may have been Ohio, or Tennessee) found an untouched wilderness, filled with pristine forests. They built their homes out of logs. These log cabins were solid, long lasting, and served them well.
 A distinction should be drawn between the traditional meanings of “log cabin” and “log house.” Historically most “Log cabins” were a simple one- or 1½-story structures, somewhat impermanent, and less finished or less architecturally sophisticated. A “log cabin” was usually constructed with round rather than hewn, or hand-worked, logs, and often it was the first generation home building erected quickly for frontier shelter.
Life was rustic and simple. Heat was provided by an open fireplace, where they also cooked their meals. Need air conditioning in the summer? Just open the window (there wasn’t any glass or screening). There was no electricity (no television, stereos or boom boxes blasting, or computers). And, plumbing? Just look back towards the woods to the outhouse. The path to it is well worn.
Where is Log Cabin Day?
Nationwide USA
National Catfish Day
June 25, 2014 in the USA
Today is National Catfish Day! Catfish is a versatile and delicious type of fish that is usually associated with Cajun-style cooking. In fact, about 95% of the nation’s catfish comes from Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, and Louisiana. In traditional recipes, each catfish fillet is coated with a blend of spices and then fried or blackened in a cast-iron skillet.
Did you know that catfish is one of the most sustainable species of fish? Most of the catfish we eat is farm-raised, which is very eco-friendly. In 1987, President Reagan declared the first National Catfish Day to recognize the importance of the catfish farming industry.
To celebrate National Catfish Day, fry up some homemade catfish for dinner, or head to a local Cajun restaurant to sample a little taste of the South!
Where is National Catfish Day?
Nationwidem USA
Historical Events:
524 – Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians.
1096 – 1st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
1607 – Mentally ill emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary & Moravia
1630 – Fork introduced to American dining by Gov Winthrop
1638 – Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
1667 – Dr Jean-Baptiste Denys, French doctor, performs 1st blood transfusion
1864 – Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed
1900 – Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
1920 – League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
1949 – Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny.
1950 – Korean conflict begins; N Korea invades S Korea
1961 – Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
1967 – First global satellite television programme – Our World
1975 – Mozambique gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
1991 – Slovenia & Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia

Calendar day; April 17, 2014

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Thursday, the 17th of April, 2014 is the 107th day in 2014 and in the 16th calendar week.
General events:
World Hemophilia Day
April 17, 2014 in the World
World Hemophilia Day is an international observance held on April 17, 2014 by the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH). It is an awareness day for hemophilia and other bleeding disorders, which also serves to raise funds and attract volunteers for the WFH. It was started in 1989 and is held annually; April 17 was chosen in honor of Frank Schnabel’s birthday. Frank Schnabel established the WFH in 1963.
Haemophilia is a group of hereditary genetic disorders that impair the body’s ability to control blood clotting or coagulation, which is used to stop bleeding when a blood vessel is broken. Haemophilia A is the most common form of the disorder, present in about 1 in 5,000 – 10,000 male births. Haemophilia B occurs in around 1 in about 20,000 – 34,000 male births.
The WFH is an international non-profit organization dedicated to improve the lives of people with hemophilia and other genetic bleeding disorders. It educates hemophiliacs and lobbies for improved medical treatment. 75 percent of people in the world with bleeding disorders do not receive adequate treatment. The WFH has member organizations in 113 countries and official recognition from the World Health Organization.
Where is World Hemophilia Day?
Worldwide
Evacuation Day in Syria
April 17, 2014 in Syria
Evacuation Day in Syria is celebrated on April 17, 2014. Evacuation Day (also called Independence Day) is Syria’s national day commemorating the evacuation of the last French soldier and Syria’s proclamation of full independence and the end of the French mandate of Syria on April 17, 1946.
Where is Evacuation Day in Syria?
Nationwide Syria
Administrative Professionals’ Day
April 17, 2014 in North America
Administrative Professionals’ Day is celebrated on April 17, 2014. Administrative Professionals’ Day – also known as Secretaries Day or Admin Day – is an unofficial secular holiday observed in several countries to recognize the work of secretaries, administrative assistants, receptionists, and other administrative support professionals. In North America, it is celebrated on theWednesday of the last full week of April.
Where is Administrative Professionals’ Day?
Nationwide North America
National High Five Day
April 17, 2014 in the USA
National High Five Day is observed on April 17, 2014. You should celebrate this day by giving a high five to someone. The high five is a celebratory hand gesture that occurs when two people simultaneously raise one hand, about head high, and push, slide or slap the flat of their palm and hand against the palm and flat hand of their partner. The gesture is often preceded verbally by the phrase “Give me five” or “High five”.
High Five Day was created by college students at the University of Virginia in 2002. There are many origin stories of the high five, but the two most documented candidates are Dusty Baker and Glenn Burke of the Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball team on October 2, 1977, and Wiley Brown and Derek Smith of the Louisville Cardinals men’s college basketball team during the 1978-1979 season.
According to another story, a man named Mont Sleets popularized the gesture. While Mont was growing up in Kentucky, his father’s old army friends would greet each other by extending their arms straight up in the air and saying the name of their division: “Five.” As a young boy, it was difficult for Mont to remember all of the names of his father’s friends, so when he saw them he would just say “Hi, Five!” This childhood greeting stuck with him and he started to greet others with high fives.
Want to know the trick for the perfect high five? Look at the other person’s elbow as you are about to high five them. You’ll have a perfectly accurate high five every time. Happy National High Five Day!
Where is National High Five Day?
Nationwide USA
Blah, Blah, Blah Day
April 17, 2014 in the World
Blah, Blah, Blah Day is observed on April 17, 2014. The day is an impulse to do get the things done, which people have been nagging you to do. Blah, Blah. Blah Day is a chance to quit smoking, lose weight, vacuum the car and so on.
Where is Blah, Blah, Blah Day?
Worldwide
National Cheeseball Day
April 17, 2014 in the USA
It’s National Cheeseball Day! Did you know that the term “cheeseball” can actually refer to two very different foods? The first type of cheeseballs are the bright orange, marble-sized snacks that turn your fingers orange (very similar to cheese doodles). The second type is the kind you might serve with crackers at a party.
A traditional cheeseball appetizer includes ingredients like cream cheese, cheddar cheese, nuts, salt, pepper, garlic, and Worcestershire sauce. Gourmet versions use bleu cheese, olives, pineapple, sherry, or smoked salmon. According to legend, a man named Elisha Brown Jr. pressed the first cheeseball at his farm in 1801. It weighed 1,235 pounds! He presented it as a gift to President Thomas Jefferson at the White House.
To celebrate National Cheeseball Day, pick up a bag of cheeseballs at your local grocery store or make your own gourmet cheeseball as a dinner appetizer! Enjoy!
Where is National Cheeseball Day?
Nationwide USA
Religious events:
Maundy Thursday
April 17, 2014 in the World
Maundy Thursday, also known as Holy Thursday, Great and Holy Thursday, and Thursday of Mysteries, is the Christian feast or holy day falling on the Thursday before Easter that commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus Christ with the Apostles. The Mass of the Lord’s Supper initiates the Easter Triduum, the three days of FridaySaturday and Sunday that commemorate the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus. It is normally celebrated in the evening, when according to Jewish tradition Friday begins.
Maundy Thursday is the fifth day of Holy Week, and is preceded by Holy Wednesday and followed by Good Friday. The date is always between 19 March and 22 April inclusive. These dates in the Julian calendar, on which Eastern churches in general base their calculations of the date of Easter, correspond throughout the twenty-first century to 1 April and 5 May in the more commonly used Gregorian calendar.
Where is Maundy Thursday?
Worldwide
Historical Events:
1397 – Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.
1492 – Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies
1524 – Giovanni Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, discovers New York Bay
1824 – Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40’N
1839 – Guatemala forms republic
1864 – Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
1875 – Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
1905 – The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the “right to free contract” was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
1932 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery
1937 – Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut
1946 – Syria declares independence from French administration
1961 – 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Castro
1964 – Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2,368 base)
1971 – People’s Republic Bangladesh forms, under sheik Mujib ur-Rahman
1972 – Revised Dutch constitution proclaimed
1975 – Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea Natl Day)
1982 – Canada adopts its constitution
1986 – IBM produces 1st megabit-chip

 

Calendar Day; October 8th, 2013

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Independence of Croatia
October 8, 2013 in Croatia

Independence of Croatia is celebrated on October 08, 2013. Croatian Independence Day is a national public holiday that celebrates the unanimous decision of the Croatian Parliament – Sabor to terminate the link between Croatia and SFR Yugoslavia. The Independence Day was implemented by the Ivica Ra?an’s government in 2001. It was celebrated for the first time in 2002. Statehood Day is commemorated on 25 June.

Where is Independence of Croatia?
Nationwide Croatia

American Touch Tag Day
October 8, 2013 in the USA

American Touch Tag Day is observed on October 08, 2013. Touch Tag is a playground game that involves one or more players chasing other players in an attempt to “tag” or touch them, usually with their hand. There are many variations; most forms have no teams, scores, or equipment.

A group of players decide who is going to be “it”, often using a counting-out game such as eeny, meeny, miny, moe. The player selected to be “it” then chases the others, attempting to get close enough to tag them – touching them with a hand – while the others try to escape. A tag makes the tagged player “it” – in some variations, the previous “it” is no longer “it” and the game can continue indefinitely, while in others, both players remain “it” and the game ends when all players have become “it”.

Tag and other chasing games have been banned in some schools in the United States and United Kingdom due to concerns about injuries and complaints from children of harassment. A principal who banned tag in their school criticized the game for creating a “self-esteem issue” in nominating one child as a victim, and noted that the oldest and biggest children usually dominated the game.

Where is American Touch Tag Day?
Nationwide USA

Historical events: 1873 – 1st women’s prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute.

The Indiana Women’s Prison was established in 1873 as the first adult female correctional facility in the country. The original location of the prison was one mile (1.6 km) east of downtown Indianapolis. It has since moved to 2596 Girls School Road, former location of the Indianapolis Juvenile Correctional Facility. As of 2005 it had an average daily population of 420 inmates, most of whom are members of special-needs populations, such as geriatric, mentally ill, pregnant, and juveniles sentenced as adults. Security levels range from medium to maximum. The prison holds Indiana’s only death row for women; however, no Indiana woman is currently sentenced to death.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana_Women’s_Prison

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