Persons Day 2013
October 18, 2013 in Canada

Persons Day is celebrated on October 18, 2013. Persons Day is an annual celebration in Canada. The day commemorates the case of Edwards v. Canada (Attorney General), more commonly known as The Persons Case – a famous Canadian constitutional case decided on October 18, 1929 by the Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council, at that time the court of last resort for Canada, which held that women were eligible to sit in the Canadian Senate. While not a civic holiday, several women’s groups across Canada make significant note of the day, including The Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund and The Canadian Voters Congress.

Where is Persons Day?
Nationwide Canada

Alaska Day 2013
October 18, 2013 in Alaska

Alaska Day is observed on October 18, 2013. Alaska Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state of Alaska. It is the anniversary of the formal transfer of the Territory of Alaska from Russia to the United States which occurred on Friday, October 18, 1867. On March 30, 1867 the United States purchased Alaska from Russia for the sum of $7.2 million.

It was not until October of that year that the Commissioners arrived in Sitka and the formal transfer was arranged. The formal flag-raising took place at Fort Sitka on October 18, 1867. The original ceremony included 250 uniformed U.S. soldiers, who marched to the Governor’s house at “Castle Hill”. Here the Russian troops lowered the Russian flag and the U.S. flag was raised.

Alaska Day was declared a state holiday in 1917 and is a paid holiday for state employees. The official celebration is held in Sitka, where schools release students early, many businesses close for the day, and events such as a parade and reenactment of the flag raising are held. It should not be confused with Seward’s Day, the last Monday in March, which commemorates the signing of the treaty for the Alaska Purchase in which the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867.

Where is Alaska Day?
Nationwide Alaska

No Beard Day 2013
October 18, 2013 in the World

No Beard Day is celebrated on October 18, 2013. As the name suggests, one should separate on this day from old “pigtails” and go through life with a smooth skin. It is made as an opportunity especially for those who can not imagine to live without a beard. And for those whose partner has ever asked for a shave. The great thing is that if the result of shaving seems unbearable, you can let yourself grow the beard again!

A beard is the collection of hair that grows on the chin, upper lip, cheeks and neck of human beings and some non-human animals. In humans, usually only pubescent or adult males are able to grow beards. However, women with hirsutism may develop a beard. When differentiating between upper and lower facial hair, a beard specifically excludes the mustache.

Over the course of history, men with facial hair have been ascribed various attributes such as wisdom, sexual virility, masculinity, or a higher status; however, beards may also be perceived to be associated with a lack of general cleanliness and a loss of refinement, particularly in modern times.

Where is No Beard Day?
Worldwide

Natural Events:

October Full Moon
October 18, 2013 in Eastcoast North America

On October 18, 2013 the moon reaches its maximum brightness. Therefore it is called full moon. Full moon is a lunar phase that occurs when the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun. More precisely, a full moon occurs when the geocentric apparent longitudes of the Sun and Moon differ by 180 degrees; the Moon is then in opposition with the Sun. As seen from Earth, the hemisphere of the Moon that is facing the earth is almost fully illuminated by the Sun and appears round. Only during a full moon is the opposite hemisphere of the Moon, which is not visible from Earth, completely unilluminated.

The time interval between similar lunar phases is on average about 29.53 days. Therefore, in those lunar calendars in which each month begins on the new moon, the full moon falls on either the 14th or 15th of the lunar month. Because lunar months have a whole number of days, lunar months may be either 29 or 30 days long.

Full Moons are traditionally associated with temporal insomnia, insanity and various “magical phenomena” such as lycanthropy. Psychologists, however, have found that there is no strong evidence for effects on human behavior around the time of a full moon. They find that studies are generally not consistent, with some showing a positive effect and others showing a negative effect. In one instance, the British Medical Journal published two studies on dog bite admission to hospitals in England and Australia. The study of the Bradford Royal Infirmary found that dog bites were twice as common during a full moon, whereas the study conducted by the public hospitals in Australia found that they were less likely. Full moons trigger deer movement in North America. Hunters and fisherman rely heavily on moonphases.

Where is October Full Moon?
EST Eastern Standard Time / UTC-05
Eastcoast North America

Historical Events:

1356 – Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland.

1648 – 1st US labor organization forms (Boston Shoemakers)

1767 – Boundary between MD & PA, Mason Dixon line, agreed upon

1776 – In a NY bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders “cock tail”

1867 – US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia ($7.2 million)

1922 – British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) forms

1929 – Women are considered “Persons” under Canadian law.

1948 – Operation 10 Plagues – Israeli offensive against Egyptian army

1953 – Willie Thrower becomes 1st black NFL quarterback in modern times

1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first Transistor radio.

1961 – Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack