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Calendar day; November 11, 2015

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 Wednesday, the 11th of November, 2015 is the 315th day in 2015 and in the 46th calendar week.
General Events:
Armistice Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in the World
The Armistice Day is celebrated on November 11, 2015. It is a day to commemorate the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany for the cessation of hostilities on the West Front. The day, which overlaps with Remembrance Day, is celebrated annually. The day was specifically dedicated by King George V on 7 November 1919 as a day of remembrance for members of the armed forces who were killed during World War I.
After World War II, the name of the holiday was changed to Veterans Day in the United States and to Remembrance Day in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields”. These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their brilliant red color an appropriate symbol for the blood spilled in the war.
In many parts of the world, people observe two consecutive minutes moment of silence at 11 a.m. local time as a sign of respect in the first minute for the roughly 20 million people who died in the war, and in the second minute dedicated to the living left behind. This gesture of respect was suggested by Edward George Honey in a letter to a British newspaper.
Where is Armistice Day?
Worldwide
Veterans Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in the USA
Veterans Day is an annual American holiday honoring military veterans. A federal holiday, it is usually observed on November 11. However, if it occurs on a Sunday then the following Monday is designated for holiday leave, and if it occurs Saturday then either Saturday or Friday may be so designated.
It is also celebrated as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, falling on November 11, the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice.)
The holiday is commonly printed as Veteran’s Day or Veterans’ Day in calendars and advertisements. While these spellings are grammatically acceptable, the United States government has declared that the attributive (no apostrophe) rather than the possessive case is the official spelling.
Where is Veterans Day?
Nationwide USA
Remembrance Day
November 11, 2015 in Commonwealth of Nations
Remembrance Day is observed on November 11, 2015. Remembrance Day (also known as Poppy Day or Armistice Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth countries since the end of World War I to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty. This day, or alternative dates, are also recognised as special days for war remembrances in many non-Commonwealth countries. Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November to recall the end of hostilities of World War I on that date in 1918. Hostilities formally ended “at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month,” in accordance with the Armistice, signed by representatives of Germany and the Entente between 5:12 and 5:20 that morning. (“At the 11th hour” refers to the passing of the 11th hour, or 11:00 am) World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919.
The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields”. These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I; their brilliant red colour became a symbol for the blood spilled in the war.
The common British, Canadian, South African, and ANZAC tradition includes a one or two minute silence at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month (11:00 am, 11 November), as that marks the time (in the United Kingdom) when the armistice became effective.
Where is Remembrance Day?
Nationwide Commonwealth of Nations
Independence Day
November 11, 2015 in Angola
Independence Day in Angola is celebrated on November 11. This national holiday commemorates Angola’s independence from Portugal in 1975.
The armed struggle for Angolan independence began in 1961. It is known as the Portuguese Colonial War or the War of Liberation (in the former Portuguese colonies). The main protagonists in this struggle were the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), and National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).
In 1974, a military coup known as the Carnation Revolution took place in Portugal. The new government put an end to war by agreeing to recognize the independence of its colonies. On November 11, 1975, the MPLA took control of the capital city of Luanda and declared the independence of Angola.
Angola’s Independence Day is a public holiday widely celebrated throughout the country. It is marked with formal speeches, solemn ceremonies, parades, concerts and other festive events and activities.
Where is Independence Day?
Nationwide Angola
Diwali 2015
November 11, 2015 in India/World
Diwali (or Deepawali, the “festival of lights”) is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in autumn (northern hemisphere) or spring (southern hemisphere) every year. Diwali is one of the largest and brightest festivals in India. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of good over evil. The preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali falls between mid-October and mid-November.
Diwali is an important festival for Hindus. The name of festive days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India. In many parts of India, the festivities start with Dhanteras (in Northern & Western part of India), followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on second day, Deepavali on the third day, Diwali Padva dedicated to wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhau-beej dedicated to sister–brother bond on the fifth day. Dhanteras usually falls eighteen days after Dussehra.
On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival of lights to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas and some Buddhists also celebrate Diwali remembering Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism. Diwali is an official holiday in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore and Fiji.
Where is Diwali 2015?
Nationwide India/World
Singles Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in China
Singles Day, One’s Day or Guang Gun Jie is a Chinese pop culture holiday held on November 11, 2015 for people who are living the single life. For breakfast on Singles’ Day, singles often eat four Youtiao (deep-fried dough sticks) representing the four “ones” in “11.11” and one Baozi (steamed stuffed bun) representing the middle dot. The main way to celebrate Singles’ Day is to have dinner with your single friends, but it’s important that each person pay their own way to show their independence. Some send short messages or e-mails to their single friends to deliver their best wishes.
Not every single is happy on this day. They may tease themselves for being still single. Some prefer to watch movies in a theatre. Some schools of a university would put forward a special program to gather singles together for celebration. In recent years, there has been more social attention to this holiday. For example, Taobaoshangcheng gives a up to 70% discount on this day. There are many activities on the Internet to help singles find a mate.
Some singles also choose to say goodbye to their single lives on this day: many attend ‘blind date’ parties and many people choose to marry on this day. In addition to meaning ‘single,’ the four ‘ones’ of the date can also mean ‘only one’ as in ‘the only one for me.’ Some people will use this date and this meaning to tell their special someone that they are the only ‘one’ in their heart.
Where is Singles Day?
Nationwide China
World Origami Day 2015
November 11, 2015 in the World
The folded paper crane is an international symbol of peace. However, there’s a lot more to origami than simple birds, you can fold a flower, butterfly, angel, dragon and more intricate origami designs. Origami Day is all about promoting the art of paper folding and showcasing incredible creations.
Origami comes from the two words /ori/ meaning folding and /kami/ meaning paper. It is the Japanese art of paper folding. Origami started in Japan in the 1700s and became popular outside Japan in mid-1900.
But the origin of Origami is not in Japan, although the most extensive tradition of Origami exists there. There is evidence of paperfolding tradition in other countries like China, Germany, Spain and Italy.
Celebrate Origami Day by folding simple designs like the popular crane to complicated ones like superhero origami.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
Natural events:
November New Moon
November 11, 2015 in EST Eastern Standard Time / UTC-05
On November 11, 2015 the moon reaches its minimum brightness. Therefore it is called new moon. In astronomical terminology, the phrase new moon is the lunar phase that occurs when the Moon, in its monthly orbital motion around Earth, lies between Earth and the Sun, and is therefore in conjunction with the Sun as seen from Earth. At this time, the dark (unilluminated) portion of the Moon faces almost directly toward Earth, so that the Moon is not visible to the naked eye.
The original meaning of the phrase new moon was the first visible crescent of the Moon, after conjunction with the Sun. This takes place over the western horizon in a brief period between sunset and moonset, and therefore the precise time and even the date of the appearance of the new moon by this definition will be influenced by the geographical location of the observer. The astronomical new moon, sometimes known as the dark moon to avoid confusion, occurs by definition at the moment of conjunction in ecliptic longitude with the Sun, when the Moon is invisible from the Earth. This moment is unique and does not depend on location, and under certain circumstances it is coincident with a solar eclipse.
Where is November New Moon?
Eastcoast (North America)
EST Eastern Standard Time / UTC-05
Historical Events on 11th November:
308 – The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul
1634 – Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes “An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery”
1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used
1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
1775 – Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war
1790 – Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China
1880 – Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
1887 – Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies (b. 1855), Albert Parsons (b. 1848), Adolph Fischer (b. 1858) and George Engel (b. 1836) are executed
1911 – Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
1918 – Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect, WW I hostilities end at 11.00 am
1920 – The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, at at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
1921 – President Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery
1925 – Robert A. Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays
1954 – Publication of “Two Towers” 2nd volume of “Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London
1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait
1965 – Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian Smith
1975 – Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
1988 – Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science
1992 – The Church of England approves the ordination of female priests
1999 – Last upside down date until January 1, 6000
2000 – In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel
2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington
2004 – The death of Yasser Arafat is confirmed by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
2006 – The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army

 

Calendar day; June 2, 2015

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Tuesday, the 2nd of June, 2015 is the 153th day in 2015 and in the 23rd calendar week.
General Events:
International Sex Workers’ Day
June 2, 2015 in the World
International Sex Workers’ Day takes place on June 02, 2015. The day which is also known as International Whore’s Day is a celebratory day, which remembers the discrimination of prostitutes and their often exploitative living and conditions of working. The starting point of the International Whore’s Day as a memorial was the second June 1975 in which more than 100 prostitutes occupied the Church Saint-Nizier in Lyon in order to get attention to their situation. This remembrance day is celebrated annually since 1976 on the 2nd of June.
In the beginning of the 70 law enforcement agencies keeped the prostitutes in France under increasing pressure. The police reprisals forced the women to work more in secret. As a result, the protection by the public has been removed and led to more violence against the girls. After two murders and the unwillingness of the government to improve the situation of prostitutes, sex workers in Lyon occupied finally one of the local churches – Saint-Nizier in rue de Brest – and went on strike. After eight days the church was cleared by the police. The event is regarded as the starting point of a movement of prostitutes and sex workers’ rights.
Where is International Sex Workers’ Day?
Worldwide
Republic Day in Italy
June 2, 2015 in Italy
Republic Day, also known as Festa della Repubblica in Italian (Festival of the Republic), is a national holiday in Italy on June 2 each year. It celebrates the day when Italians voted to abolish the monarchy in 1946 so their country could become a republic.
On June 2, 1946, many Italians voted in a referendum to rid of the monarchy and for the country to become a republic. The public was hostile to the monarchy, which had supported Benito Mussolini’s rule. Around that time, the Italian royal family was also exiled from Italy.
Where is Republic Day in Italy?
Nationwide Italy
National Leave the Office Early Day
June 2, 2015 in the USA
Everyone is sure to enjoy celebrating this holiday, National Leave the Office Early Day.  Observed each year on June 2nd, (unless June 2nd falls on a weekend, at which time it would be acknowledged on the closest working day) National Leave the Office Early Day is an incentive to many who often work more than 40 hours each week.
On this day, upon completion of all the necessary day’s work and the needed approval, it is suggested that you can then leave work early to enjoy the rest of the day with fun activities of your choosing.
National Leave The Office Early Day, an “unofficial” national holiday, was created by Employee Productivity Specialist, Laura Stack.
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Natural Events:
June Full Moon
June 2, 2015 in Eastcoast (North America)
On June 02, 2015 the moon reaches its maximum brightness. Therefore it is called full moon. Full moon is a lunar phase that occurs when the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun. More precisely, a full moon occurs when the geocentric apparent longitudes of the Sun and Moon differ by 180 degrees; the Moon is then in opposition with the Sun. As seen from Earth, the hemisphere of the Moon that is facing the earth is almost fully illuminated by the Sun and appears round. Only during a full moon is the opposite hemisphere of the Moon, which is not visible from Earth, completely unilluminated.
The time interval between similar lunar phases is on average about 29.53 days. Therefore, in those lunar calendars in which each month begins on the new moon, the full moon falls on either the 14th or 15th of the lunar month. Because lunar months have a whole number of days, lunar months may be either 29 or 30 days long.
Full Moons are traditionally associated with temporal insomnia, insanity and various “magical phenomena” such as lycanthropy. Psychologists, however, have found that there is no strong evidence for effects on human behavior around the time of a full moon. They find that studies are generally not consistent, with some showing a positive effect and others showing a negative effect. In one instance, the British Medical Journal published two studies on dog bite admission to hospitals in England and Australia. The study of the Bradford Royal Infirmary found that dog bites were twice as common during a full moon, whereas the study conducted by the public hospitals in Australia found that they were less likely. Full moons trigger deer movement in North America. Hunters and fisherman rely heavily on moonphases.
Where is June Full Moon?
EST Eastern Standard Time / UTC-05
Eastcoast (North America)
Historical Events on 2nd June:
455 – King Gaiseric & the Vandals sack Rome – Rome looted for 14 days
1619 – England & Netherlands sign treaty about business in the Indies
1763 – Pontiac’s Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison’s attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort
1835 – P T Barnum & his circus begin 1st tour of US
1863 – Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves
1875 – Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission
1896 – Guglielmo Marconi applies to patent the radio, accepted 2 July 1897
1901 – Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY)
1910 – Pygmies discovered in Dutch New Guinea
1928 – Velveeta Cheese created by Kraft
1946 – Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
1955 – The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948
1965 – 2nd of 2 cyclones in less than a month kills 35,000 (Ganges R India)
1974 – Malta’s constitution goes into effect
1976 – East Timor People’s Assembly accepts annexation by Indonesia
1989 – 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens protecting students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing
2003 – Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency’s Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan

 

Calendar day; April 24, 2015

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Friday, the 24th of April, 2015 is the 114th day in 2015 and in the 17th calendar week.
General Events:
World Meningitis Day
April 24, 2015 in the World
Held every year on 24 April, WMD is recognised to raise the global profile of meningitis, emphasise the importance of vaccination, and provide support to those dealing with the consequences of the disease.
Meningitis is a disease that can affect anyone, anywhere and at any time! It does not discriminate against age, gender or where we live in the world. You may think of meningitis as something that affects infants or university students. You are right, but meningitis can also affect young children, adults and the elderly. Meningitis can affect your babies, your friends, your parents or grandparents – it does not discriminate!
World Meningitis Day has been celebrated since 2008. Although Meningitis is a serious and sometimes deadly disease, many people do not realize that there are vaccinations that can prevent the illness. Around the world, people come together on April 24 to spread a message of awareness, information about prevention, and the consequences of infection. In addition to in-person events, online venues including social networks, video sharing websites and idea boards will promote the event and public awareness of this global health concern.
Where is World Meningitis Day?
Worldwide
Arbor Day 2015
April 24, 2015 in the USA
Arbor Day is in 2015 on the 24th of April. Arbor Day is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. It originated in Nebraska City, Neb., in the United States in 1872. J. Sterling Morton is the founder of Arbor Day. The first Arbor Day (from the Latin arbor, meaning tree) was held on April 10, 1872, and an estimated 1 million trees were planted that day.
In the US, the national holiday is celebrated every year on the last Friday in April; in Nebraska, it is a civic holiday. Each state celebrates its own state holiday. Many countries now observe a similar holiday. Though usually observed in Spring, the date varies, depending on climate and suitable planting season.
Trees are an important component of the natural landscape because of their prevention of erosion and the provision of a weather-sheltered ecosystem in and under their foliage. They also play an important role in producing oxygen and reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, as well as moderating ground temperatures.
They are also elements in landscaping and agriculture, both for their aesthetic appeal and their orchard crops (such as apples). Wood from trees is a building material, as well as a primary energy source in many developing countries. Trees also play a role in many of the world’s mythologies.
Where is Arbor Day?
Nationwide USA
Genocide Remembrance Day
April 24, 2015 in Armenia
Genocide Remembrance Day is celebrated on April 24, 2015. Genocide Remembrance Day or Genocide Memorial day, is a national holiday in Armenia and is observed by Armenians in dispersed communities around the world. It is held annually to commemorate the victims of the Armenian Genocide from 1915 to 1923. In Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, hundreds of thousands of people walk to the Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Memorial to lay flowers at the eternal flame. The date 24 April commemorates the Armenian notables deported from the Ottoman capital in 1915, of hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and community leaders, most of whom would be executed, which was a precursor to the ensuing events.
Where is Genocide Remembrance Day?
Nationwide Armenia
Yom Ha’atzmaut
April 24, 2015 in Israel
Yom Ha’atzmaut takes place on April 24, 2015. Yom Ha’atzmaut commemorates the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated on 5th of Iyar according to the Hebrew calendar. Yom Ha’atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day.
Where is Yom Ha’atzmaut?
Nationwide Israel
Día de la Chupina
April 24, 2015 in Rosario / Argentina
Día de la Chupina is celebrated on April 24, 2015. The Día de la Chupina is a popular event and self-styled “holiday” created by secondary school students in the city of Rosario, Argentina. It is held annually, on the last Friday of every April. On this day, the students do not attend their classes, but gather instead in some particular spots of the city center, especially the National Flag Memorial and the highly commercial pedestrian-only section of Córdoba Street.
Where is Día de la Chupina?
Nationwide Rosario / Argentina
National Pigs-In-A-Blanket Day
April 24, 2015 in the USA
This delicious finger food is popular with kids and cocktail party guests all across the world. In fact, there are many different cultures that have their own unique twist on this comfort food classic.
In the United Kingdom, pigs-in-a-blanket are small sausages wrapped in bacon. People traditionally serve them as Christmas dinner appetizers. In Israel, kids enjoy Moshe Ba’Teiva (Moses in the Ark), which are miniature hot dogs rolled in a ketchup-covered puff pastry and baked in the oven. In the United States, pigs-in-a-blanket are hot dogs or Vienna sausages wrapped in biscuit or croissant dough and baked until golden brown. Yum!
No matter where you are or how you decide to cook your pigs-in-a-blanket, make this tasty finger food for dinner tonight and serve it with a side of ketchup. Happy National Pigs-In-A-Blanket Day!
Where is the event?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 24th April:
1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
1184 BC – The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date).
1066 – Halley’s Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed
1185 – Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto’s fleet beats imperial fleet
1596 – Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
1800 – Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
1833 – Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent 1st soda fountain
1877 – Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire
1888 – Eastman Kodak forms
1898 – Spanish-American War: Spain delares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
1915 – German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper
1915 – Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
1920 – British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
1921 – Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
1950 – Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
1950 – Jordan formally annexes the West Bank
1961 – 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged
1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”
1970 – Senegal adopts constitution
1982 – 150 Khomeini followers assault student dormitory in West Germany
1989 – 10s of thousands of students strikes in Beijing China
1990 – Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine

 

Calendar day; December 15, 2014

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Monday, the 15th of December, 2014 is the 349th day in 2014 and in the 51st calendar week.
General Events:
Remembrance Day of Journalists Killed in the Line of Duty
December 15, 2014 in Russia
Remembrance Day of Journalists Killed in the Line of Duty is observed on December 15, 2014. The day was established by the Union of Journalists of Russia in 1991, following the deaths of journalist Viktor Nogin and cameraman Gennadi Kurennoy in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in September that year. In Moscow the day is observed at Nikitsky Boulevard. According to representatives of the Union of Journalists of Russia, between 10 and 20 journalists are killed each year in Russia under various circumstances.
Where is Remembrance Day of Journalists Killed in the Line of Duty?
Nationwide Russia
Koninkrijksdag
December 15, 2014 in Netherlands
Koninkrijksdag is observed on December 15, 2014. Koninkrijksdag is the commemoration of the signing of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 15 December 1954 in Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten. When 15 December falls on a Sunday, the commemoration takes place on Monday 16 December. Kingdom Day is, unlike Koninginnedag, not an official national holiday, but government buildings are instructed to fly the flag of the Netherlands without pennant.
Where is Koninkrijksdag?
Nationwide Netherlands
Bill of Rights Day
December 15, 2014 in the USA
Bill of Rights Day is observed on December 15, 2014. The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. Proposed to assuage the fears of Anti-Federalists who had opposed Constitutional ratification, these amendments guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government’s power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public.
The amendments were introduced by James Madison to the 1st United States Congress as a series of legislative articles. They were adopted by the House of Representatives on August 21, 1789, formally proposed by joint resolution of Congress on September 25, 1789, and came into effect as Constitutional Amendments on December 15, 1791, through the process of ratification by three-fourths of the states. The Bill of Rights had little judicial impact for the first 150 years of its existence, but was the basis for many Supreme Court decisions of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Where is Bill of Rights Day?
Nationwide USA
Esperanto Day 2014
December 15, 2014 in the World
Esperanto Day, also called Zamenhof Day, is celebrated on December 15, 2014. The 15th December is the birthday of Esperanto creator L. L. Zamenhof. It is the most widely celebrated day in Esperanto culture. Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. The first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, was published on July 26, 1887.
Estimates of Esperanto speakers range from 10,000 to 2,000,000 active or fluent speakers, as well as perhaps a thousand native speakers, that is, people who learned Esperanto from birth as one of their native languages. Many Esperanto speakers buy an extra Esperanto book around Zamenhof’s birthday. There are also special Esperanto gatherings and parties throughout the world to celebrate the occasion, which is used as a reason for Esperantists to get together during the holiday season.
Some Esperanto speakers, not wanting to over-celebrate the achievements of a single man, have suggested celebrating 15 December as Esperanto Literature Day instead Zamenhof Day. Thus they encourage Esperanto organizations that hold gatherings on that day to add a book review or poetry reading to the program or to announce the publication of a new book. On an individual level, one can buy or start reading a new book or in some other way celebrate Esperanto literature.
Where is the event?
Worldwide
National Cat Herders Day
December 15, 2014 in the USA
This is for all of the dreamers, who dare to do the impossible . . . the cat herders!!!
Cat Herders Day, on December 15, is all about those situations where “it’s like herding cats.” If you don’t understand the idiom, just try to organize a bunch of cats and move them from one area to another. I guarantee you’ll get the picture.
Cat Herders Day recognises the frustration of trying to manage the unmanageable. Whether it’s work, home, school or other areas of life, if it feels like herding cats, today’s your day.
Where is National Cat Herders Day?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events on 15th December:
533 – Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron.
1256 – Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.
1488 – Bartholomeus Diaz returns to Portugal after becoming 1st known European to sail round Cape of Good Hope
1593 – State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft
1680 – Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal
1791 – US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution
1868 – Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaido.
1891 – James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)
1917 – Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
1939 – 1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford, Delaware
1944 – Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel
1952 – Christine Jorgenson is 1st person to undergo a sex-change operation
1954 – Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
1964 – Canada adopts maple leaf flag
1966 – Audouin Dollfus discovers 10th satellite of Saturn, Janus
1973 – American Psychiatric Association declares homosexuality is not a mental illness
1979 – World Court in Hague rules Iran should relase all US hostages
1993 – British premier Major/Irish premier Reynolds signs Downing Street Declaration concerning Northern Ireland self determination
2001 – The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean.
2005 – Latvia amends its constitution to eliminate possibility of same-sex couples being entitled to marry.

Calendar day; June 2, 2014

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Monday, the 2nd of June, 2014 is the 153th day in 2014 and in the 23rd calendar week.
General Events:
International Sex Workers’ Day
June 2, 2014 in the World
Sex Workers’ Day takes place on June 02, 2014. The International Sex Workers’ Day or International Whore’s Day is a celebratory day, which remembers the discrimination of prostitutes and their often exploitative living and conditions of working. The starting point of the International Whore’s Day as a memorial was the second June 1975 in which more than 100 prostitutes occupied the Church Saint-Nizier in Lyon in order to get attention to their situation. The Remembrance Day is celebrated annually since 1976 on the 2nd of June.
In the beginning of the 70 law enforcement agencies keeped the prostitutes in France under increasing pressure. The police reprisals forced the women to work more in secret. As a result, the protection by the public has been removed and led to more violence against the girls. After two murders and the unwillingness of the government to improve the situation of prostitutes, sex workers in Lyon occupied finally one of the local churches – Saint-Nizier in rue de Brest – and went on strike. After eight days the church was cleared by the police. The event is regarded as the starting point of a movement of prostitutes and sex workers’ rights.
Where is Sex Workers’ Day?
Worldwide
Western Australia Day
June 2, 2014 in Australia
Western Australia Day is observed on June 02, 2014. Western Australia Day (formerly known as Foundation Day) is a public holiday in Western Australia, celebrated on the first Monday in June to commemorate the founding of the Swan River Colony in 1829. Because of the celebration of Western Australia Day, WA does not celebrate the Queen’s Birthday Holiday in June, as most states do; it is held in September or October instead.
Where is Western Australia Day?
Nationwide Australia
National Leave the Office Early Day
June 2, 2014 in the USA
Leave The Office Early Day was created in 2004 by Laura Stack, a bestselling author and expert in workplace issues who is also a specialist in employee productivity. June 2 happens to be her birthday, and she thought no one should work more than eight hours on their birthday. When June 2 falls on a weekend day, Leave the Office Early Day is celebrated on the nearest Monday or Friday.
Time is money, as the saying goes, and the quicker things get done, at optimal levels, the more productive (and profitable) a business will be.
The nature of work is that, for the most part, employees would rather be somewhere else, doing something else, and this can lead to distraction which results in lower productivity.
The interminable working day can prove disheartening, acting as a demotivational factor, causing employees to work at a sluggish pace to match the snail’s pace of the clock.
Inflexible working hours set in stone can turn any hare into a tortoise, and although the latter won the proverbial race, the former would have achieved the same in less time had it only applied itself to the task.
Leave the Office Early Day is an incentive for employees to complete tasks before schedule, increasing efficiency and productivity with an incentive to go home sooner.
The early exit of the workplace acts as a carrot, compelling the employee to complete tasks to maximum potential in minimum time, reducing levels of idleness amongst workers.
The increase in productivity may transfer itself to other days of the week, where more can be achieved within the confines of a conventional working day.
This managerial strategy is beneficial to both employees and employers, a win win situation for both parties, and holds true to the theory that happy workers are more efficient and productive workers, responding better to positive rather than negative reinforcement.
Leave The Office Early Day can result in a sense of commonality between the stratified workforce, reminding everyone that they are in the same boat and striving towards a common goal.
Both employer and employee would be happy to see the end of the working day, after all, to leave the office environment and return to their own lives.
The effect is to create a sense of empathy between co-workers, whatever position they occupy in the workplace hierarchy, which leads to greater co-operation. Higher levels of co-operation in the workplace may lead to increased productivity.
More work done in less time is beneficial to the business seeking private gain, or to society or humanity at large, and Leave The Office Early Day is another chapter in the quest for maximum productivity that is as old as human industry itself.
Where is National Leave the Office Early Day?
Nationwide USA
National Bubba Day
June 2, 2014 in the USA
National Bubba Day honors anyone named or called Bubba. To qualify to be honored today, your name can be formally, or informally “Bubba”. You can even take on the name “Bubba” for just the day. That way everyone can celebrate this day.
There’s a lot of ways to celebrate National Bubba Day. Acting like a “Bubba” is your starting point. Cards, parties and other celebrations are definitely in order. Gift giving is optional.
Did you Know? Bubba is the Yiddish word for grandmother
Famous Bubba: A character in the movie Forrest Gump made the name “Bubba” infamous.
Where is National Bubba Day?
Nationwide USA
National Rocky Road Day
June 2, 2014 in the USA
National Rocky Road Day is observed on June 02, 2014. It’s a day to eat Rocky Road ice cream or dessert, which is made of chocolate, nuts, and marshmallows. The original Rocky Road ice cream used chocolate ice cream with no chocolate chip pieces. Today, Rocky Road can be obtained based on vanilla ice cream with chocolate chips, marshmallows and almonds.
Rocky Road dessert was invented in Australia in 1853 as a way of on-selling confectionery spoiled by the long journey from Europe. Gold miners in towns outside of Melbourne, such as Ballarat, were wealthy but uncultured. Unscrupulous businessmen took advantage of these men, mixing the spoiled confectionery with low quality chocolate and other ‘filler’ ingredients, such as locally foraged nuts. The name Rocky Road is derived from the ‘Rocky Road’ travelers had to take to get to the gold fields.
The most popular version of Rocky Road in the U.S. is in ice cream form, which consists of chocolate ice cream, marshmallows (or sometimes a “marshmallow swirl”), and nuts. Although not as popular, slabs of Rocky Road can also be found at confectioner’s shops. The Annabelle Candy Company manufactures a candy bar called Rocky Road that has marshmallow, a thin covering of chocolate, and cashews.
Where is National Rocky Road Day?
Nationwide USA
Historical Events:
455 – A D Gaiseric & the Vandals sacked Rome
1619 – England & Netherlands sign treaty about business in the Indies
1763 – Pontiac’s Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison’s attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort.
1780 – The Derby horse race is held for the first time.
1855 – The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine.
1875 – Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission
1896 – Guglielmo Marconi applies to patent the radio, accepted 2 July 1897
1904 – Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
1910 – Pygmies discovered in Dutch New Guinea
1913 – Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
1928 – Velveeta Cheese created by Kraft
1936 – Gen Anastasio Somoza takes over as dictator of Nicaragua
1946 – Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
1953 – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London
1965 – 2nd of 2 cyclones in less than a month kills 35,000 (Ganges R India)
1974 – Mali adopts constitution
1974 – Malta’s constitution goes into effect
1989 – 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens protecting students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing

Calendar Day; November 11, 2013

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Remembrance Day
November 11, 2013 in Commonwealth of Nations

Remembrance Day is observed on November 11, 2013. Remembrance Day (also known as Poppy Day or Armistice Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth countries since the end of World War I to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty. This day, or alternative dates, are also recognised as special days for war remembrances in many non-Commonwealth countries. Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November to recall the end of hostilities of World War I on that date in 1918. Hostilities formally ended “at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month,” in accordance with the Armistice, signed by representatives of Germany and the Entente between 5:12 and 5:20 that morning. (“At the 11th hour” refers to the passing of the 11th hour, or 11:00 am) World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919.

Where is Remembrance Day?
Nationwide Commonwealth of Nations

Veterans Day 2013
November 11, 2013 in the USA

Veterans Day is an annual American holiday honoring military veterans. A federal holiday, it is usually observed on November 11. However, if it occurs on a Sunday then the following Monday is designated for holiday leave, and if it occurs Saturday then either Saturday or Friday may be so designated.

It is also celebrated as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, falling on November 11, the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice.)

The holiday is commonly printed as Veteran’s Day or Veterans’ Day in calendars and advertisements. While these spellings are grammatically acceptable, the United States government has declared that the attributive (no apostrophe) rather than the possessive case is the official spelling.

Where is Veterans Day?
Nationwide USA

Armistice Day 2013
November 11, 2013 in the World

The Armistice Day is celebrated on November 11, 2013. It is a day to commemorate the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany for the cessation of hostilities on the West Front. The day, which overlaps with Remembrance Day, is celebrated annually. The day was specifically dedicated by King George V on 7 November 1919 as a day of remembrance for members of the armed forces who were killed during World War I.

After World War II, the name of the holiday was changed to Veterans Day in the United States and to Remembrance Day in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields”. These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their brilliant red color an appropriate symbol for the blood spilled in the war.

In many parts of the world, people observe two consecutive minutes moment of silence at 11 a.m. local time as a sign of respect in the first minute for the roughly 20 million people who died in the war, and in the second minute dedicated to the living left behind. This gesture of respect was suggested by Edward George Honey in a letter to a British newspaper.

Where is Armistice Day?
Worldwide

Singles Day 2013
November 11, 2013 in China

Singles Day, One’s Day or Guang Gun Jie is a Chinese pop culture holiday held on November 11, 2013 for people who are living the single life. For breakfast on Singles’ Day, singles often eat four Youtiao (deep-fried dough sticks) representing the four “ones” in “11.11” and one Baozi (steamed stuffed bun) representing the middle dot. The main way to celebrate Singles’ Day is to have dinner with your single friends, but it’s important that each person pay their own way to show their independence. Some send short messages or e-mails to their single friends to deliver their best wishes.

Not every single is happy on this day. They may tease themselves for being still single. Some prefer to watch movies in a theatre. Some schools of a university would put forward a special program to gather singles together for celebration. In recent years, there has been more social attention to this holiday. For example, Taobaoshangcheng gives a up to 70% discount on this day. There are many activities on the Internet to help singles find a mate.

Some singles also choose to say goodbye to their single lives on this day: many attend ‘blind date’ parties and many people choose to marry on this day. In addition to meaning ‘single,’ the four ‘ones’ of the date can also mean ‘only one’ as in ‘the only one for me.’ Some people will use this date and this meaning to tell their special someone that they are the only ‘one’ in their heart.

Where is Singles Day?
Nationwide China

Historical Events:

308 – The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

1493 – Explorer Christopher Columbus discovers Saba

1647 – Massachusetts passes 1st US compulsory school attendance law

1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.

1790 – Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China

1851 – Alvan Clark patents telescope

1865 – Mary Edward Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor

1890 – D McCree patents portable fire escape

1909 – Construction of US navy base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, begins

1918 – Poland declares independence

1918 – Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect, WW I hostilities end at 11.00 am

1923 – Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph

1926 – U.S. Route 66 is established.

1930 – Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.

1959 – 1st episode of “Rocky & His Friends” airs

1968 – John Lennon & Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of “2 Virgins” album

1988 – Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science

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